JACOBI, Hermann Georg

JACOBI, Hermann Georg. Köln 11.2.1850 — Bonn 19.10.1937. German Indologist. Professor in Bonn. Son of a steam mill owner, Friedrich Heinrich Otto J. (1803–1880) amd Caroline Zeiz, educated in Cologne. From 1868 studies of mathematics at Berlin, switched soon to Sanskrit and IE. Trough Weber he became interested in Jaina literature. Ph.D. 1872 Bonn, under Gildemeister. After a year in London he visited India in 1873-74 and could follow Bühler to the manuscript libraries of Rajasthan. Achieved a manuscript collection of his own. From 1875 PD at Bonn, but soon (1876) ao. Professor at Münster. In 1885 succeeded Pischel as ord. Professor at Kiel, in 1889 Aufrecht at Bonn. In 1905-06 Rector of University. Emeritus from the beginning of 1922, succeeded by Kirfel, but continued himself teaching. During a second visit to India in 1913-14 he obtained a hon. Ph.D. at Calcutta. Married 1883 Elizabeth Blanckarts (1854–1928), four sons and one daughter. Geh. Regierungsrat 1905, Jainadarśanadivākara, member of several academies (Berlin, Munich, Prague, Göttingen, Leningrad) and learned societies.

HJ was the first to show that Jainas even in their origin are not a Buddhist sect. As their founder he held Pārśva. In 1914 in India he found the first Apabhramśa MSS. and published the first Ap. edition in 1918. In addition to Jainism he was interested in MIA languages, metrics and aesthetics, poetry, astronomy (dated Veda in 4500-2500 B.C.), epics, Brahmanism, Nyāyavaiśeṣika, Buddhism, chronology and Kauṭilīya. HJ was a great pioneer of Jain studies and important in several other fields, though some of his ideas (especially in chronology) remained controversial. He was a great cigar smoker. Among his many students were Todar Mall, V. A. Sukthankar, Breloer, Glasenapp, Guérinot, Kirfel, Losch, Ruben, Suali, Tuxen, further Laber, Minon and Pullich.

Publications: diss. De astrologiae Indicae, Horâ appellatae originibus. 47 p. Bonn 1872 (with ed. and Latin transl. of Varāhamihira’s Laghujātaka 3-12).

edited & transl.: “Bhaktāmara- und Kalyānamaṇḍira-stotra”, Ind. St. 1876; “Die Çobhanastutayas des Çobhana muni, hrsg. und übersetzt”, ZDMG 32, 1878, 509-534; “Kālakācārya-kathānaka”, ZDMG 1880; Āyāraṅgasūtra. 1882; “Der Untergang Dvāravatīs”, ZDMG 1888; Uttaradhyāyana-Sūtra. J. G. Doshi’s Series. Allahabad 1911.

edited: Sthavirāvalīcarita or Pariśiṣṭaparvan by Hemacandra. Bibl.Ind. Calcutta 1883-91; Siddharṣi’s Upamitibhava­prapañcakathā. Bibl.Ind. Calc. 1901-14 (with P. Peterson); Haribhadra’s Samarāicca-kahā. Bibl. Ind. Calc. 1908.24; Vimala­sūri’s Paümacariya. Bombay N.S.P. 1914.

translated: The Kalpasūtra of Bhadra­bāhu. 8+173 p. A.K.M. 7:1. 1879; Jaina Sutras. 377+498 p. S.B.E. 22 & 45. Oxford 1884-95.

Ausgewählte Erzählungen in Māhārāṣṭrī. Lp. 1886 (from Devendra’s Uttara­jhayanaṭīkā ed. with grammar and vocabulary).

– “Methods and Tables for verifying Hindu Dates, Tithis, Eclipses, Nakshatras etc.”, IA 17, 1888, 145-181; “On the Computation of Hindu dates in Inscriptions”, EI 1, 1892, 403-460; “Tables for calculating Hindu dates in true local time”, EI 2, 1894, 487-498.

Compositum und Nebensatz. Studien über die indogerm. Sprachentwicklung. Bonn 1897.

translated: “Ānandavardhana’s Dhvanyāloka”, ZDMG 56, 1902, 392-410, 582-615, 760-789 & 57, 1903, 18-60, 311-343; “Ruyyaka’s Alaṁkārasarvasva”, ZDMG 62, 1908, 289-336, 411-458, 597-628; “Umāsvati’s Tattvārthādhigama Sūtra. Eine Jaina-Dogmatik”, ZDMG 60, 1906, 287-325, 512-551; “Bhāsa’s Svapnavāsava­datta”, Intern. Monatsschr. 7, 1913, 653ff.

Das Rāmāyaṇa. Geschichte und Inhalt nebst Concordanz. 256 p. Bonn 1893; Das Mahābhārata. Inhaltsangabe, Index und Concordanz der Calcuttaer und Bombayer Ausgaben. Bonn 1903.

Bhavisattakahā von Dhaṇavāla. Eine Jaina Legende in Apabhraṁśa 7+94+216 p. ABaAW 29:4. Munich 1918 (Ap. text with study); Sanatkumāracaritam, ein Abschnitt aus Haribhadras Nemināthacaritam. Eine Jaina Legende in Apa­bhraṁśa 25+164 p. ABaAW 31:2. Munich 1921.

Die Entwicklung der Gottesidee bei den Indern. 1923.

Über das ursprüngliche Yogasystem”, SBeAW 1929, 581-624 & 1930, 322-332.

translated: Triṁśikāvijñapti des Vasubandhu mit Bhāṣya des Ācārya Sthiramati. 6+64 p. Beitr. zur indischen Sprachwiss. und Religionsgesch. 7. St. 1932.

a great number of articles on OIA & MIA (KZ, ZDMG), metrics (ZDMG, Ind. St. 17, WZKM), Vedic chronology (Festgruss Roth 1896, IA 1894, OC 10, 1894, NGGW 1894, ZDMG 1895, 1896, JRAS 1909), epics, philosophy (ZDMG, ZII, GGA, NGGW, JAOS), religion (ERE), Jainism, Buddhism, aesthetics (ZDMG, WZKM), etc.

Schriften zur indischen Poetik und Ästhetik. Ed. H. Losch. 381 p. Darmstadt 1969.

Kleine Schriften. Hrsg. von B. Kölver. 1-2. 1178 p. Glasenapp-St. 4. Wb. 1970.

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; v. Glasenapp, ZDMG 92, 1938, 1-14; Johnston, JRAS 1938, 340f.; B. Kölver, N.D.B. 10, 1974, 228f.; *H. Oertel, SBaAW 1938, 27f.; Renou, JA 230, 1938, 129-143; briefly D.B.E. 5, 1997, 274; Wikipedia.

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