SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel.

SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel Théodore. Mulhouse (Alsace, then German Elsaß) 19.12.1904 — Princeton NJ 21.10.1972. French (Alsatian) Archaeologist of Afghanistan. Son of a protestant factory owner, nephew of the Oriental scholar Paul Perdrizet (1870–1932). After school in Mulhouse studied history and geography at Strasbourg, then Paris where he became student of René…

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SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich

SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich. Göttingen 31.1.1896 — Göttingen 13.3.1957. German Iranian and Semitic Scholar. Professor in Berlin and Göttingen. Son of Erich S. (1861–1936; Professor of Theology at Göttingen 1896-99, Kiel 1899-1918, and Breslau). Interrupted school in Kiel and joined the army as voluntary, served in France, Lithuania and Transylvania. Even…

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RENAUDOT, Eusèbe

RENAUDOT, Eusèbe. Paris 20.7.1646 — Paris 1.9.1720. Abbé. French Theologian and Oriental Scholar. Born as the eldest of the 14 children of a physician and scholar, developed early an interest in studies and therefore entered ecclesiastical career. In 1§666 joined Oratorians, but never took more than minor orders. Studied theology…

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RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus)

RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus). De Rijp, North Holland 17.7.1676 — Utrecht 5.2.1718. Dutch Oriental Scholar. Professor in Utrecht. After a short time as Professor of Physics and Metaphysics at Harderwijk (1699–1791) he was Professor of Oriental Languages at Utrecht. Like his contemporaries, he was mainly interested in Semitic, but unlike…

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REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint

REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint. Lambesc (Provence) 4.12.1795 — Paris 14.5.1867. Abbé. French Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar. Professor in Paris. After seminary in Aix studied theology from 1814 in Paris, where he soon became student of Silvestere de Sacy. As secretary of de Portalis he continued his studies in 1818 in Rome.…

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RAU, Heimo

RAU, Heimo. Breslau 30.12.1912 — Filderstadt 30.12.1993. German Art Historian and Indologist. Long time in India. Son of Ernst Rau and Hedwig Czeschka (of Austria), both Steinerians. Studies of art history, archaeology and Indology at Vienna. In 1933 Assistant at excavations at Freistritz-Pulst. Ph.D. 1935 Vienna. In 1938-45 Assistant at…

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PIZZI, Italo

PIZZI, Italo. Parma 30.11.1849 — Turin 5.12.1920. Italian Indo-Iranian Scholar. Professor in Turin. Born in a large family of nobility, studied at Pisa Semitic, Indian and Germanic languages under De Benedetti, Lasinio and Teza. Ph.D. 1871 Pisa. Working in Biblioteca Laurenziana in Florence continued his Oriental, especially Iranian studies. From…

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PIGULEVSKAJA, Nina Viktorovna

PIGULEVSKAJA, Nina Viktorovna. St.Petersburg 14.1.1894 — Leningrad 17.2.1970. Russian Historian of Byzantium and the Near East. Studies of Semitics under P. K. Kokovcov, specialized in Syriac as the source language of early Byzantine and Sassanid history. In Byzantine studies student of A. A. Vasil’ev, in Arabic of I. Ju. Kračkovskij. In the 1920s…

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NYBERG, Henrik Samuel

NYBERG, Henrik Samuel. Söderbärke/Dalarne 28.12.1899 — Uppsala 9/10.2. 1974. Swedish Semitic and Iranian Scholar. Professor in Uppsala. Born in humble conditions as the son of Anders Fredrik N. (1854–1912), a poor curate, and Ida Mathilda Jansson (1867–1911), educated at home and in Västerås. In 1908 started classical and Oriental studies…

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NESSELMANN, Georg Heinrich Ferdinand

NESSELMANN, Georg Heinrich Ferdinand. Fürstenau (now Kmiecin), Kr. Elbing 14.2.(or 24?)1811 — Königsberg 1.7.1881. German Indo-Iranian, Baltic and IE Linguist. Professor in Königsberg. Son of a minister, taught by father at home until 16, then at Elbing Gymnasium. From 1831 he studied mathematics at Königsberg and soon became interested in…

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