BUGGE, Elseus Sophus. Larvik 5.1.1833 — Tønset 8.7.1907. Norwegian Linguist, mainly Scandinavian, but also IE, Anatolian and Etruscan Scholar. Professor in Christiania (Oslo). Son of Alexander B. (1790–1854), a merchant and former lieutenant, and Maren Kirstine Sartz (1799–1836). After school in Larvik he started 1848 studies of classical philology at Christiania. Through Bopp’s comparative grammar he became familiar with IE and soon interested in Old Norse. Cand.mag. 1857 Christiania. In 1856-57 fieldwork in Øvre Telemark collecting folklore. With a scholarship in 1858-60 further studies of classical and comparative philology at Copenhagen and Berlin, now also Sanskrit under Westergaard and Weber. In 1860-64 “stipendiat i sammenlignende sprogvidenskap og Sanskrit” at Christiania. In 1864 he applied for a chair at Lund, but was promptly given one of comparative linguistics combined with Old Norse at Christiania (first as Lektor, from 1866 full Professor). Married 1859 Karen Sophia Schreiner (1835–97), children.
SB was mainly a scholar of Scandinavian literature and mythology, but at the same time so many-sided that even his own students sometimes deemed it as a vice. He tried to show Etruscan to be an IE language, close to Armenian, and showed that Lycian is IE, indeed. In general, he was too obsessed with Anatolian theories. Apparently taught Sanskrit, too. He was very influential in Norwegian academic circles. Among his students was A. Torp.
Publications: Numerous Scandinavian studies, e.g. an Edda edition (Norrœn Fornkvæ∂i. 1867); Bidrag til Tydning af de ældste Runeindskrifter. 1-3. 1867-68; Studier over de nordiske Gude- og Hjeltesagas oprindelse. 1-2. 1881-89.
– “Vermischtes aus der Sprache der Zigeuner”, Beiträge zur vergl. Sprachforschung 1, 1858, 139-155.
– Studies on Plautus. 1864-76; ed. Mostellaria. 1873.
– Etruscan studies since 1873, e.g. Beiträge zur Erforschung der etruskischen Sprache. 1-3. 1883-86; Etruskisch und Armenisch. 1890.
– Lykische Studien. 1. 1897; Über den Einfluss der armenischen Sprache auf die gotische. 1895.
Sources: *H. Falk, Arkiv för Nord. Filol. 24, 1908, 222-230; *R. Gauthiot, BSL 55, 1907, ccxxxii-ccxxxiv; *F. Jónsson & H. Pedersen, Nord. Tidsskr. for filol. 3:16, 1907, 101-127; *A. Olrik, Danske Studier 1907, 177-192; *E.F. Halvorsen, Lex. gramm. 1996, 141f.; M. Olsen, N.B.L. 2, 1925, 356-368; *Akademiske Afhandlinger til S.B. 1889; *Uppsala-studier tillegnade S.B. 1893; *Afhandlinger viede S.B.’s minne. 1908; Wikipedia (with photo, more in Norwegian version); photos in Intern. Taschenbuch der Orientalisten 1910 and in Pedersen 1959, 237.