ANDERSON, James. 1757 — 3.10.1833. British (Scottish) Colonial Officer in India. Son of David A. (1707–1786) and Mary Mitchelson. Came to India before 1782 (when Lieutenant). In 1785 succeeded his brother David as the Resident with Sindhia, remained only one year there. Back in the U.K. he married 1800 Catherine Grant, one son and one daughter. His elder brother, David A. (1750–1825), also served in India until 1785 and collected 113 Persian manuscripts he then donated to Edinburgh University.
Publications: “Extracts from the Toozuké Jehangery, or Memoirs of Jehangeer, written by himself, and containing a History of the Transactions of the First Thirteen Years of his Reign”, The Asiatic Miscellany 2, 1786, 71-86, 173-189 (with Persian text); “An Account of Malabar, and of the Rise and Progress of the Musulman Religion in that Country, from Ferishtah’s General History of Hindoostan”, Ibid. 279-305 (with text).
Sources: Stray notes in A.M. Guenther, “Seeking Employment in the British Empire”, accessed in http://digital.library.mcgill.ca/fontanus/pdfs/Fontanus2010_Guenther_pp129-154.pdf (more on his brother), further details in https://landedfamilies.blogspot.com/2014/08/134-anderson-of-st-germans-and.html