EFREMOV, Filipp Sergeevič. 1750 — after 1811. Russian Traveller. From Vjatka (now Kirov). He was Sergeant of Russian army, taken prisoner by a band of Cossacks and sold as slave in Bukhara in 1774. Having succefully escaped two years later he travelled through Kashgar and Ladakh to Kashmir and via Delhi to Calcutta and in 1782 returned via London to St.Petersburg. It seems that the chapter about Ladakh, which he calls Tibet, has been substituted with another, earlier account in the later editions of his book. Later on living in Kazan.

Publications: Stranstvovanie v Buharii, Hive, Persii v Indii. St.Petersburg 1784, 1786 or 1794.

Sources: *A.A. Vigasin in Путешествия по Востоку в эпоху Екатерины II. M. 1995, 135-147; Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1979; *P.M. Kemp, Russian travellers to India and Persia (1624-1897): Kotov, Yefremov, Danibegov. Delhi 1959; http://tibethouse.ru/2015/ladak-01-en.html; http://az.lib.ru/e/efremow_f_s/text_1974_about.shtml.