GÖTZE, Albrecht Ernst Rudolf. Leipzig 11.1.1897 — Garmisch-Partenkirchen 15.8.1971. German Semitic and IE Scholar in the U.S.A. Born in a Jewish family, the son of the physician Rudolf G. (d. 1920) and Elsa Rommler. Grew up in Darmstadt. From 1915 studies at Munich, Leipzig, Berlin, and Heidelberg, in 1916-19 served in the army. Ph.D. 1921 Heidelberg. From 1921 Assistant and from 1922 PD at Heidelberg, from 1927 ao. Professor there. From 1930 ord. Professor at Marburg, but in 1933 was forced to quit, and came in 1934 to the U.S.A. Naturalized as U.S. citizen in 1940. Taught at Yale University: from 1934 as Visiting Professor, in 1936-56 as William Laffan Professor of Assyriology, 1956-65 as Sterling Professor of Near Eastern Languages, in 1958-66 chairman of Near Eastern Languages Department. In 1946 he rejected an offer from Marburg. In 1947-56 also Director of Baghdad School of American Schools of Oriental Research. Hon. A.M. Yale 1936. In 1965 emeritus. In 1922 married Frida Maria Emma Schirbel (1896–), one son, two daughters. As a scholar mainly an Assyriologist and Semitist, in the 1920s also interested in Iranian, later wrote much on Hittite. In this collaborated with Sturtevant.
Publications: Published Iranian studies in the 1920s, e.g.: “Tištrya, īr, Tiṧya, Σείριος”, KZ 61, 1923, 146-153; “Persische Weisheit in griechischen Gewande”, ZII 2, 1923, 60-98, 167-177.
– Much on the ancient Near East, important studies of Hittite.
Sources: D.G.K. 1926; D. Drüll, Heidelberger Gelehrtenlexikon 1803–1932; *J.J. Finkelstein, JAOS 92, 1972, 197-203; *Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 62, 1972, 163f.; Who Was Who in Am. 5; *bibliography in Journal of Cuneiform Studies 26, 1974, 2-15; Wikipedia (also German version).