AMELUNG, Arthur Julius Heinrich. Catharina (Võisiku), Livonia 15.7./27.7.1840 — Montreux 6.4.1874. German (of Baltic) Germanic and IE Linguist. Son of a glass factory owner, (Carl Georg A.) studied first history and chemistry at Dorpat (Tartu) in 1862-63, then comparative linguistics at Berlin and other German universities in 1863-68. Ph.D. 1868 Halle, in Germanistics. In 1870 returned to Dorpat, 1871 Mag.gramm.comp. there. In 1871-72 PD der deutschen Sprache at Dorpat. From 1873 in Breslau. In 1874 he was invited to a chair at Freiburg i.Br., but died. Even before the Junggrammarians he understood that the Western e/o/a vocalism is more original than Indo-Iranian a.

Publications: diss. Prolegomena ad Ortnitum carmen theodiscum saec. XIII. Halle 1868.

Die Bildung der Tempusstämme durch Vocalsteigung im Deutschen. B. 1871; “Der Ursprung der deutschen a-Vocale”, Haupt’s Zeitschrift 18, 1871, 161ff.

Sources: Deutsch-Balt. Biogr. Lex.; Windisch 438f.; Geni homepage with photo; briefly in Estonian Wikipedia.