GREENOUGH, James Bradstreet. Portland, Maine 4.5.1833 — Cambridge MA 11.10.1901. U.S. Classical Scholar and Linguist interested in Sanskrit. Professor at Harvard. Son of James and Catharine Gr. After Boston Latin School graduated A.B. in 1856 from Harvard College. Studied one year at Harvard Law School. Practised law in Marshall, Mich. In 1864 visited Europe. Taught at Harvard: 1865-73 as Tutor of Latin, 1873-83 as Assistant Professor and from 1883 as Professor of Latin. The works of Bopp and Schleicher made him interested in Sanskrit, and he was the first to teach Sanskrit at Harvard, until Lanman was nominated in 1880. His study of Latin subjunctive was an important pioneer work. Married 1860 Mary Battey Ketchum and 1895 Harriet Sweetser Jenks.
Publications: Analysis of Latin Subjunctive. 36 p. Cambridge MA 1870; with J. H. Allen: A Latin Grammar: founded on comparative grammar. 11+329 p. Boston 1872.
– Edited Latin school-authors: Caesar, Cicero, Vergilius, Horatius, Livius, Ovidius, Sallustius.
– Wrote poems and plays in English and in Latin.
Sources: Ch.B. Gulick, Dict. of Am. Biography 7, 588f.; *G.L. Kittredge, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 14, 1903, 1-17; Who Was Who in Am. 1; Wikipedia.