JACOB, Georg. Königsberg 26.5.1862 — Kiel 4.7.1937. German Oriental (Arabic and Turkish) scholar also interested in India. After gymnasium in Königsberg he started as a student of theology, but soon turned into Oriental philology. Studies at Leipzig, Strassburg, Breslau, Erlangen, Berlin, and again Leipzig. Ph.D. 1887 Leipzig. PD 1892 Greifswald, 1896 moved to Halle. In 1901-09 ao. and 1909-11 ord. Professor of Semitic Languages at Erlangen. In 1911-29 ord. Professor für islamische und semitische Philologie at Kiel. Unmarried.

He began with Arabic geography and became the founder of German Turkology, but was also interested in India and knew Sanskrit. He made important studies on shadow plays. In his 1922 book he tried to deny almost all classical influence in German culture and derived much from the east.

Publications: Diss. Der nordisch-baltische Handel der Araber im Mittelalter. 152 p. Lp. 1887; works on Arabia (e.g. Studien in arabischen Geographen. 1-4. B. 1891-92; Studien in arabischen Dichtern. 1-4. 1893-97), Turkey, etc.

Der Einfluss des Morgenlandes auf das Abendland vornehmlich während des Mittelalters. 98 p. Hannover 1924.

Geschichte des Schattentheaters im Morgen- und Abendland. 8+159 p. B. 1907, enl. 2nd ed. 11+284 p. Hannover 1925; “Die Entdeckung des südindischen Schattentheaters durch Prof. Spies”, ZDMG 89, 1935, 387-390.

Translated in German: Subhaṭa, Dūtāṅgada. 45 p. Lp. 1931.

With H. Jensen & H. Losch: Das indische Schattentheater. 64 p. Das orientalische Schattentheater 2. St. 1931; with H.J. Das chinesische Schattentheater. 15+130 p. Das or. Sch. 3. St. 1933; further similar studies.

Sources: Fück 319-322; *E. Littmann, ZDMG 91, 193?, 486ff.; Th. Menzel (ed.), Fs. G.J. zum 70. Geburtstag. Lp. 1932, with an account of GJ as a scholar by C.H. Becker (1-8), photo, bibliography (369-381); German Wikipedia; https://cau.gelehrtenverzeichnis.de.