HINZ, Walther. Stuttgart 19.11.1906 — Göttingen 12.4.1992. German Oriental and Iranian Scholar. Professor in Göttingen. Son of a merchant, lost early his parents. Studies of East European history, Slavistics, Turkish and Persian (under Schaeder and Massé) in 1926-30 at Leipzig, München and Paris. Ph.D. 1930 Leipzig. From 1934 PD der Islamwissenschaft at Berlin, where he also worked as Regierungsrat. From 1937 ord. Professor für Geschichte des Nahen Ostens at Göttingen. Dean of faculty 1938-39. Visits to Iran in 1936 and 1939. In 1937 joined NSDAP. In 1942-45 served in the army, stationed in Istanbul. In 1945-46 interned by the British in Neumünster. Lost his chair after the war, worked as a translator and in 1950-57 for the Göttinger Tageblatt without giving up his scholarly work. Also taught Persian at University. From 1957 again ord. Professor and Direktor des Seminars für Iranistik at Göttingen. Again visited Iran in 1958, 1861, 1963, 1967, 1968, 1973 and 1974. Retired in 1975.

In the 1930s WH started his career as a specialist of the Islamic history of Iran, but later turned also to ancient period. The years in Istambul gave him a good opportunity for manuscript studies. In addition to Iranian studies he made a name in the field of Elamite with his masterly deciphering the Old Elamite script. In his late years also interested in Biblical history and Old Semitic epigraphy.

Publications: diss. Über Peter den Grossen. 1930.

habil.diss. on the history of Islamic Iran.

Irans Aufstieg zum Nationalstaat im 15. Jahrhundert. 175 p. 8 pl. B. 1936; Turkish transl. 1948, Farsi 1968; Iran, Politik und Kultur von Kyros bis Rezâ Schach. 139 p. 38 ill. Lp. 1938; Iranische Reise. Eine Forschungsfahrt durch des heutige Persien. 6+167 p. 93 fig. B. 1938; translated several works of Barthold, and the Persian part of E. Kämpfer’s Amoenitates exoticae as Engelbert Kaempfer am Hof des persischen Grosskönigs. 1940.

Persisch. 1. Leitfaden der Umgangssprache. 1942, 3rd ed. 1959, 5th 1971.

Altpersischer Wortschatz. 7+160 p. AKM 27:1, Lp. 1942; completely rev. ed. Neue Wege im Altpersischen. 174 p. Göttingen 1973.

Islamische Masse und Gewichte umgerechnet ins metrische System. HdO Erg.bd. 1, Heft 1. 1955; in Russian 1970, in Arabic 1971.

Zarathustra. 271 p. St. 1961.

in rev. 2nd ed. of The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 1. Chapter 23. “Persia c. 2400–1800 B.C.” (1963) and Vol. 2. Chapter 7. “Persia c. 1800–1550 B.C.” (1964); again in 3rd rev. ed. 1973.

Das Reich Elam. 159 p. 16 pl. St. 1964; English tr. The Lost World of Elam. 1972.

Altiranische Funde unf Forschungen. 1969; Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenüberlieferung. 1975.

– “Achämenidische Hofverwaltung”, Z. f. Assyriologie 61, 1971, 260-311.

Darius und die Perser. Eine Kulturgeschichte der Achämeniden. 1-2. 1976-79.

Elamitisches Wörterbuch. 1-2. AMI Erg.bd. 17. 1987.

Islamische Währungen des 11. bis 19. Jahrhunderts umgerechnet in Gold. 199?.

articles in ZDMG, etc.

Sources: brief note in IIJ 4, 1960; Bio-bibliogr. Acta Iran. 20, 1979, 253-259; obituary by H. R. Roemer & H. Koch, ZDMG 143, 1993, 241-247; German Wikipedia.