HOVELACQUE, Alexandre Abel. Paris 14.11.1843 — Paris 22.2.1896. French Iranian Scholar, Linguist and Anthropologist. Studied first law and took comparative grammar as an additional subject under H. Chavée. In 1869-77 editor of the Revue de linguistique. He became interested in anthropology and became in 1876 Professor of Linguistics at the new School of Anthropology. From 1891 Director of the same school. He was also a politician (radical republican), elected in 1878 in Paris municipal council, in 1886 and 1888 its chairman. In 1889 elected in Parliament, withdraw in 1894. During his last ten years often ill. Married, at least one son.

Publications: La théorie epécienne de lautverschiebung. 1869; Racines et éléments simples. 1869; La linguistique. 1876, 2nd ed. 14+435 p. P. 1878, English transl. 1877.

– “De l’Aryaque en français”, RL 1:1-2, 1867, 36-50; “Les éléments de la dérivation”, ibid. 166-203; “Considérations diverses sur les aspirées”, RL 1:3-4, 1868, 253-281; “De la conjugaison du temps présent”, RL 2:1, 1868, 5-39.

Grammaire de la langue zend. 1869, 2nd ed. 152 p. P. 1878.

Instruction pour l’étude élémentaire de la linguistique into-européenne. 1871.

Euphonie sanskrite. 1872; “Morale de l’Avesta”, RL 6:3, 1874, 253-266.

L’Avesta, Zoroastre et le Mazdeisme. 1880.

La langue Khasia. 1880.

with J. Vinson: Études de linguistique et d’ethnographie. 1878; with J. Vinson & E. Rost: Mélanges de linguistique et d’anthropologie. 1880.

La France et les Slaves de Sud. 1872; Langues–races–nationalités. 1873, 2nd ed. 1875; Notre ancêtre. 1877, 2nd ed. 1878; Les débuts de l’humanité. 1881; Les races humaines. 1882; Les Negres de l’Afrique sus-équatoriale. 1889.

with G. Hervé: Précis d’anthropologie. 1887; Recherches ethnologiques sur le horvan. 1894.

Sources: D. Baggioni, Lex. gramm. 1996, 470f.; G. Vinson, JRAS 1896, 369f.; French Wikipédia with photo.