AYMONIER, Étienne-François. Le Châtelard (Savoie) 26.2.1844 — Paris 21.1.1929. French Colonial Officer and South-East Asian Scholar (the first European Specialist of Khmer and great pioneer of archaeology and epigraphy). Served in South-East Asia in 1869-88. Born in a family of agriculturalists in the then still Sardinian Savoy. Joined infantry as voluntary when 18, was admitted to Saint-Cyr, joined marine infantry in 1869 and left for Cochin-China. Served in Cambodge until 1884, using his leisure to epigraphic and antiquarian studies. In 1881 visited home and started collaboration with Bergaigne. After a few years in Vietnam returned to France in 1888. In 1889-1905 Director of École coloniale, then retired. As a scholar he was autodidact, but skilled. In Vietnam he found the first traces of Champa. He collected many antiquities for Musée Guimet.
Publications: A Khmer dictionary (1874) and grammar (1875); grammar of Cham (1889) and with A. Cabaton its dictionary (1906); much on epigraphy.
– with Barth & Bergaigne: Inscriptions sanscrites du Cambodge. 177 p. 1885 (partly in JA 1880-82).
– Le Cambodge et ses monuments. 1-2. 1897; Le Cambodge. 1-3. P. 1900-01-04.
– Histoire de l’ancien Cambodge. 1925.
– several further works on Cambodge and Cham, on Khmer language, & on South-east Asia in general.
Sources: *G. Cœdès, BEFEO 29, 1929, 542-566 (with bibliography); M. Prévost, D.B.F. 4, 956f.; P. Singaravélou, D.O.L.F. 33f.; French Wikipedia.