LIGETI, Lajos (Louis). Balassagyarmat/Nógrád 28.10.1902 — Budapest 24.5.1987. Hungarian Mongolian and Central Asian Scholar. Professor in Budapest. Studies of classical philology and of Turkish at Budapest. Ph.D. 1924 Budapest. After further studies in Paris, of Sinology (Maspéro), Tibetan (Bacot), Turkic (Dény) and Mongolian (Pelliot) he conducted fieldwork in Inner Mongolia in 1928/29-30/31, then in Afghanistan in 1936-37. From 1932 taught Mongolian at Budapest University, from 1939 as Professor. In 1940-74 the first Professor of Central Asian Languages at Budapest. On occasions he was also in charge of teaching East Asian studies and Turkology, and he laid foundation to the teaching of Altaic studies at Szeged University (and donated his extensive private library there).

LL was very productive scholar, especially in Mongolian studies, where the Lamaist literature was among his central interests. He had numerous students.

Publications: “La collection mongole Schilling von Canstadt”, TP 27, 1930, 119-178.

Rapport préliminaire d’un voyage d’exploration fait en Mongolie chinoise, 1928-1931. 62 p. 12 pl. Budapest 1933; Sárga istenek, sárga emberek. Egy év Belső-Mongólia lámakolostoraiban. 1934.

Catalogue du Kanǰur mongol imprimé. 1. Bibl. Or. Hung. 3. 345 p. Budapest 1942-44.

edited: A Mongolok Titkos Története. Mongol Nyelvemléktár 3. 1964, 2nd ed. Histoire Secrète des Mongols. Monum. linguae Mong. coll. 1. 1971; Histoire Secrète des mongols. Texte en écriture ouigure incorporée dans la chronique Altan tobči de Blo-bzam ’bstan-’jin. M. l. M. c. 6. 1971; transl. into Hungarian: A Mongolok Titkos Története. 1962.

facs. ed.: Le Subhāṣitaratnanidhi mongol. Bibl. Or. Hung. 6. 1948.

edited: Trésor des Sentences. Subhāṣitaratnanidhi de Sa-skya paṇḍita. Mongol Nyelvemléktár 6. 1965, new ed. Monum. ling. Mong. coll. 4. 1973; Index verborum to the same, 1973; transl. the same: Sza-szkja pandita: Kun-dga rgyal-mchan. A bölcsesség kincestára. 1984.

edited: Monuments préclassiques. Monum. ling. Mong. coll. 2. 1970; Monuments en écriture ’phags-pa. Ibid. 3. 1973; Les Douze Actes du Bouddha, de Čhos-kyi ’od-zer. Ibid. 5. 1974.

founder and editor of the AOHu 1-30, 1950-76, with numerous own articles, also elsewhere many articles in French and Hungarian.

A magyar nyelv török kapcsolatai és ami körülöttük van. 1-2. 1977-79 (collected articles in Hungarian); A magyar nyelv török kapcsolatai a honfoglalás előtt és az Árpád-korban. 1986.

– “Repertoire du Kanjur mongol imprimé”, AOHu 41, 1987, 347-497.

Sources: F. Aubin, JA 276, 1988, 1-22; *K. Sándor, Lex. gramm. 1996, 575f.; Buddhist Studies Review 6:1, 1989, 48-50; bibliography in AOHu 15, 1962, 7-13; Wikipedia (more in *Hungarian version).