VASCONCELOS (DE) ABREU, Guilherme Augusto (de). Coimbra 20.5.1842 — 1.2. 1906/07. Portuguese Indologist. Professor in Lisbon. Born in Portugal, he lived some time in Brazil, and studied then mathematics at Coimbra University and artillery at military school, also attending engineer class at navy school. The death of his father interrupted these studies and he moved to Lisbon. Now he studied Oriental languages and in 1873 was among the founders of Associação Promotora dos Estudios Orientais e Glótizos. Though often ill, he was able to study Sanskrit abroad: in 1874-75 in Paris (Bergaigne) and in 1875 in Germany (Haug) and the U.K. From 1877 Professor of Sanskrit in Curso Superior de Letras, until his death (succeeded by Dalgado).

In Portuguese sources his name is variouly given as G. de V. A. and G. V. de A., or just G. V. A.

Publications: Importancia capital do sãnskrito como base da glottologia árica. 39 p. Lisboa 1878; Principios element. da grammatica da lingua sãoskrita. 1. Phonología. Lisboa 1879; Manual para o estudo do sânskrito classico. Lisboa 1881; Exercícios e primeiras leituras de sânscrito. 2. L. 1898.

Investigações sobre o caracter de civilisação arya-hindou. 56 p. Lisbon 1978.

translated: O reconhecimento de Chakuntalá, impressão specimen do acto 1 do celebre drama de Kálidása, transladado litteralmente do Sãoskrito segundo a recensão Bengalí. 31 p. Lisboa 1878 (act 1).

Fragmentos d’uma Tentativa de Estudio Scoliastico da Epopeia Portugueza. Lisbon 1880 (on Camoes); abridged transl. by D. Ferguson, “Buddhist Legends”, IA 13, 1884, 33-48; critical ed. of the legend of Barlaam and Joasaf.

report of his European travels in Revista de Filosofia Positiva 1875; also wrote on Portuguese orthography.

Sources: Grande enciclopédia Portuguesa e Brasileira 34, 310f.