BALFOUR, Francis. 17?? — 18??. British (Scots) Physician in India. Probably born in Edinburgh, Dr.Med. there in 1767. From 1769 or soon after in E.I.C.’s service in India, mainly in Calcutta, a friend of Warren Hastings. Became famous with his “lunatic” research. Also interested in Oriental literature, among the early members of the A.S.B. Retired in 1807, returned to Edinburgh and was probably still living in 1816.

Publications: diss. De gonorrhoea virulenta. Edinburgh 1767.

On the influence of the moon in fevers. Calcutta 1784 & L. 1786, and several editions (see further As.Res. 8); other medical works; articles on Indian subjects in As. Res. (on Arabic, Persian and Hindustani).

Sources: Several defective 19th century biographies quoted in the Br. Biogr. Archives. Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia.