TUCCI, Giuseppe. Macerata 5.6.1894 — S. Polo de’ Cavalieri near Rome 5.4.1984. Italian Indologist, Sinologist and Tibetan Scholar. Professor in Rome. Born in a middle-class family, studied at Rome, participated in the WW I and graduated in 1919. Litt.D. 1919 Rome. Probably PD in Rome. In 1925-30 taught Tibetan and Chinese at the universities of Santiniketan, Dacca and Calcutta. Back in Italy, Professor of Chinese at Naples. In 1933 among founders of the Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente (IsMEO). From 193? Professore ord. di religioni e filosofia dell’ India e dell’ Estremo Oriente in Rome, retired in 1969. After the war several years excluded from the university because of his fascist relations. In 1948-78 President of Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente (IsMEO). From 1929 member of Italian Academy. In 1929-48 eight travels to Tibet, in 1950-57 seven to Nepal. In 1956-7? directed Italian excavations in Swat.

GT started his career with Indo-Iranian, moved into Sinology, and became the leading Tibetologists of his time without abandoning Indology and Sinology. He was amny-sided, a philologist, scholar of religion, art historian and archaeologist. In his early career and during the war active supporter of fascism and Mussolini.

Publications: “Osservazioni sul Fargard II del Vendîdad”, GSAI 26, 1913-14, 243-251; “Note sulle fonti di Kālidāsa”, RSO 9, 1921-23, 1-26.

Storia della filosofia cinese. 1922; Apologia del Taoismo. 1924.

transl. from Chinese: “Le cento strofe (Çataçâstra): Testo buddh. mahâyâna trad. da cinese”, Studi e mater. 1, 1925, 1-92; Saggezza cinese. 1926; Pre-Dinnâga Buddhist Texts on Logic from Chinese Sources. 30+40+32+77+89+91 p. G.O.S. 49. Baroda 1929.

transl. from Sanskrit: Çântideva. In cammino verso la luce. 23+117 p. Turin 1926.

Il Buddhismo. 295 p. Foligno 1926; On some aspects of the doctrines of Maitreya(nātha) and Asanga. 5+81 p. Calcutta 1930; “Animadversiones Indicae”, JASB N.S. 16, 1930, 125–160.

The Nyāyamukha of Dignāga. The eldest Buddhist text on logic after Chinese and Tibetan materials. 72 p. Materialien zur Kunde des Buddh. 15. Heidelberg 1930.

ed. Commentaries on the Prajñāpāramitās. 1. Abhiṣamayālaṁkāra of Haribhadra. 61+589 p. G.O.S. 62. Baroda 1932.

Indo-Tibetica. 1-3. 1932-35; 4:1-3. 1941; “Buddhist notes 1. A propos Avalokiteśvara”, Mél. chinois et bouddh. 9, 1948-51, 173-219.

Cronaca della missione scientifico Tucci nel Tibet occidentale. 1934; Santi e briganti nel Tibet ignoto. Diario della spedizione nel Tibet occidentale 1935. 15+190 p. Milano 1937; Journey to Mustang. Tr. from Italian. 1952; Preliminary report on two scientific expeditions in Nepal. 153 p. 61 pl. Materials for the Study of Nepalese history and culture 1. S.O.R. 10. Rome 1956.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. 1936; Forme dello Spirito Asiatico. 1940; Italia e Oriente. 1949; Storia della filosofia indiana. 64 p. Bari 1959.

Tibetan Painted Scrolls. 1-3. 1949; Theoria e pratica del Mandala. 1949, English tr. Theory and Practice of the Mandala. 1969; The Tombs of the Tibetan Kings. S.O.R. 1. Rome 1950; Transhimalaya. Arch. mundi. 1973.

Minor Buddhist Texts. 1-3. 598 p. S.O.R. 9. Roma 1956-58-71.

ed. Le Civilità dell’ Oriente. 1-4. 19??.

Rati-līlā. 19??, German tr. 1969 (on the erotic art of Nepal).

– “Oriental Notes II. An image of Devi discovered in Swat and some connected problems”, E&W 14, 1963, 146-182; “On Swāt. The Dards and Connected Problems”, E&W 27, 1977, 9-103; On Swāt: Historical and Archaeological Problems. Texts selected by D. Faccenna and ed. by P. Callieri & A. Filigenzi. 20+348 p. Rome 1997.

Tibet. Land of Snows. Tr. from Italian. 1967, Swedish n.d.

with W. Heissig: Die Religionen Tibets und der Mongolei. Die Relig. der Menschheit 20. 1970; Le religioni del Tibet. 1976.

translated: Il libro Tibetano dei morti. 235 p. Classici delle religioni. Torino 1972.

Opera minora. 1-2. 641 p. Studi Orientali 6. Rome 1971.

Indo-Tibetica. Translated into English and ed. by Lokesh Chandra. 4 vols. in 7 parts. Satapitaka Series 347-353. Delhi 1988-89.

Sources: *M. Eliade, Hist. of Rel. 24, 1984-85, 157-159; *K. Enoki, Tōhōgaku 68, 136-154 (in Japanese, also in Enoki’s Collected Works 11, 1994, 252-290); *Gh. Gnoli, L. Petech & F. Scialpi, E&W 34, 1984, 1-21 and bibliogr. 23-42; *L. Petech, JIABS 7, 1984, 137-142 and in Spanish tr., REB 11, 1996, 78-84; M. Taddei, AION 44, 1984, 699-704; *G. Uray, AOHu 39, 1985, 361-365; Bio-bibliogr. de 134 Savants. 1979, 517-519; NAA 1985:1, 213f.; Wikipedia with photo and further references.

Gururājamañjarika. 1969; G.T. Mem. Vol. 1-3. 198?; *E. Garzilli, L’esploratore del Duce. Le avventure di Giuseppe Tucci e la politica italiana in Oriente da Mussolini a Andreotti. Rome & Milano 2012; *R. Gnoli, Ricordo di G.T. 79 p. S.O.R. 55. R. 1985 (with bibliography); *G.T. nel centenario della nascita. 157 p. Conferenze IsMEO 8. R. 1995; *Le Marche e l’Oriente; una tradizione ininterrotta da Matteo Ricci a Giuseppe Tucci. R. 1998 (with R. Gnoli, “G.T. e l’India”, 287-295; L. Lanciotti, “G.T. e l’Estremo Oriente”, 297-303; R.N. Prats, “G.T. e il Tibet”, 305-315).

Photos in Tucci Memorial Vol. 1, 1985, Peiris, E & W 34.