RAWLINSON, George. Chadlington, Oxfordshire 23.11.1812 — Canterbury 6.10.1902. Rev. Canon. British Classical Scholar and Historian. Son of Abraham Tyson R. and Eliza Creswicke, younger brother of —> H. C. R. Educated at Swansea grammar school and Ealing school, from 1834 at Trinity College, Oxford (B.A. 1838, M.A. 1841). From 1840 Fellow of Exeter College, in 1841-46 Tutor. In 1841 ordained deacon, 1842 priest. After marriage in 1846-47 curate of Merton, Oxfordshire, then again at university. In 1861-89 Camden Professor of Ancient History at Oxford, from 1872 also canon of Canterbury. Married 1846 with Louisa Chermside, four sons (—> H.G.R.) and five daughters. He became famous through his great commented translation of Herodotus taking all new finds of Assyriology, etc. into account. In this he was naturally helped by his brother.
Publications: The History of Herodotus, transl. 1-4. 1858-60, 3rd ed. 1875.
– The Five Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World; or the history, geography and antiquities of Chaldaea, Assyria, Babylonia, Media and Persia. 1-4. 1862-67, 2nd ed. 1871; The Sixth Great Monarchy; or the history … of Parthia. 1873; The Seventh Great Monarchy; or the history … of the Sassanian or New Persian Empire. 1876.
– History of ancient Egypt. 1-2. 1881; History of Phoenicia. 1889.
– a number of other books, Biblical commentaries, etc.
Sources: Who Was Who 1897–1915; R. B. in D.N.B. 2nd Suppl. III, 165–167; Wikipedia with photo.