SALEMANN, Carl Hermann. (Karl Germanovič Zaleman). Reval (Tallinn) 28.12.1849 (9.1.1850) — Petrograd 30.11.(13.2.)1916. Russian (German of Estonia) Iranian Scholar. Professor in St.Petersburg. After gymnasium in Tallinn in 1859-67 studied Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Sanskrit at Oriental Faculty, St.Petersburg University. Cand. 1871, Mag. 1975 St. Petersburg (in Persian philology). From 1875 Assistant Librarian and 1879-90 Librarian in St.Petersburg. From 1890 Director of Asian Museum in St.Petersburg. From 1876 also Docent of Avesta and Pahlavi at St.Petersburg University. Hon. Ph.D. 1902 Giessen.

His main fields were Zoroastrian Middle Persian (Pahlavi) and classical Persian literary language, but he was also one of the discoverers of the Manichaean Middle Persia. In addition, he worked on Judaeo-Persian, Ossetic, Shughni and Yaghnobi and even on some Turkish languages.

Publications: cand. diss. rev. as “Versuch über die Conjugation im Ossetischen I.”, Beitr. z. vgl. Sprachf. 8, 1874, 48-80; mag.diss. Četverostiščija Hakani. 1875 (on the quatrains of Khāqāni).

Jagnobskie ètjudy. 1884; “Mittelpersische Studien”, Bull. Acad. Imp. 31, 1887, 417-440 = Mél. as. 9, 1888.

with V. Shukovski: Persische Grammatik. 12+118+140 p. Porta Ling. Or. 12. B. 1889 and many editions; Kratkaja grammatika novopersidskago jazyka. St.P. 1890 (Russian tr. of the grammar without chrestomathy and glossary), English translation, Bombay 1930.

– “Mittelpersisch”, W. Geiger & E. Kuhn (eds.), Grundriss der iranischen Philologie 1:3. 1901, 249-332.

Ein Bruchstück des manichaeischen Schrifttums. Zap.I.A.N. 8:6, 1904; “Manichaica 1–5.”, Izv. Imp. Akad. 1907-13; “Eranica 1–4.”, Izv. 6:8, 1914 = Mél. as. 16, 1914, 795-808.

Manichäische Studien. I. Die mittelpersischen Texte in revidierter transcription, mit glossar und grammatischen bemerkungen. Zapiski I.A.N. 8:10. 1908

Sources: D. Durkin-Meisterernst, Enc. Iran. 2005; *S. F. Ol’denburg, Izv. AN 6:11, 1917:4, 281-286 (with photo); *A. G. Perihanjan, Očerki po istorii russkogo vostokovedenija 4, 1959, 79-115; Biogr. slovar’ … S.-Peterb. univ. 1, 1896, 257-259; *Mat. dlja slovarja dejstv. čl. AN. 4:1. Petrograd 1915, 293-298 & 4:2. 1917, 335 (with bibliography); photo in *A. Bazijanc, N. Kuznecova & L. Kulagina, Aziatskij Muzej – Institut vostokovedenija AM SSSR 1818–1968. M. 1969, 49; French Wikipédia with photo.