BEAL, Samuel. Devonport 27.11.1825 — Greens Norton 20.8.1889. British Priest, Sinologist and Buddhist Scholar. Although a priest, he was no missionary like most Sinologists of his time especially in the U.K. Son of the rev. William B. (d. 1872), a Wesleyan minister. Educated at Devonport school and from 1843 at Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A. 1847). Ordained deacon 1851, priest 1852. As a priest he served in H.M.S. Sybille, located in China, and thus was able to engage his free hours in Chinese studies since 1852. After returning in England in 1873 he took a career of teacher. In 1873-77 in Devonport, 1877-80 Rector of Falstone in Northumberland, 1880-88 of Wark, ibid., 1888 to death of Greens Norton in Northamptonshire. At the same time, from 1877, Professor of Chinese (a honorary chair) at the University College in London. 1885 D.C.L. Durham. One of the best scholars of Buddhism in his time.

Publications: transl. The Travels of Fah-hian and Sung-yun. 1869, rev. ed. included in the introduction of his Hsüan Tsang translation: Buddhist Records of the Western World. 1-2. L. 1884; Life of Hiuen Tsiang by the Shaman Hwui Li. L. 1911.

transl.: A Catena of Buddhist Scriptures from the Chinese. 460 p. L. 1871; Romantic Legend of Sakya-Muni. 305 p. L. 1875; The Dhammapada. 200 p. L. 1878; The Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsang-King. (Aśvaghoṣa’s Buddhacarita transl. from the Chinese version). SBE 19. 1879.

– “The Great Tope at Sânchi”, JRAS 5, 1871, 164-181.

– “On a Chinese Version of the Sánkhya Káriká”, JRAS 10, 1878, 355-360; “Two Chinese-Buddhist Inscriptions found at Nuddha Gayâ”, JRAS 13, 1881, 552-572; “The Buddhist Councils held at Râjagriha and Vesâlî, tr. from Chinese [Dharmaguptavinaya]”, Verh. des V. OC Berlin 1881, 2:2, 1882, Ostasiat. Sektion 13-46.

articles on the itineraries of Fa Hian (JRAS 19, 1887, 191-206) and Hsüan Tsang (JRAS 15, 1883, 333-345 & 16, 1884, 247-280); “Buddhist Pilgrims from China to India”, IA 11, 1881.

Buddhist Literature in China. Four Lectures. 16+185 p. L. 1882.

Sources: R.K.D. in D.N.B. Suppl. I, 1901, 153f.; Wikipedia.