BIRD, James. 1797 — Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire 10.7.1864. British Physician in India interested in Archaeology. Educated from 1810 at King’s College, Aberdeen, M.A. 1814, then at Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospitals. Dr. med. From 1818 served in Bombay Presidency, first as assistant surgeon. In 1826-32 residency surgeon at Sattara, 1840-43 superintending surgeon of Belgaum division of army, 1843-44 of Presidency division, 1844-47 physician general to Bombay medical board. In 1847 retired and returned to Britain. In 1844-47 he was secretary to the Bombay Asiatic Society.

Publications: medical works, i.al. on cholera 1849.

– “Opening of the Topes at the caves of Kanari, Near Bombay, and the Relics found in them”, JASB 10:1, 1841, 94-98.

Historical researches on the origin and principles of the Bauddha and Jaina religions. 22 p. + 54 pl. Bombay 1847 (in JBRAS 2, 71-108 and sep.); further articles on archaeology and epigraphy in JBRAS.

The political and statistical History of Gujarát, transl. of the Persian of Alí Mohammed Khán, the revenue minister of the province. 427 p. L. 1835.

Sources: Windisch, Nachlass 2, 3; brief note in Buckland, Dictionary; Boase, Modern Engl. Biogr. in Br. Biogr. Arch.; not in the D.N.B.