BUNSEN, Christian Karl Josias (then Karl, Freiherr von Bunsen). Korbach/Waldeck 25.8.1791 — Bonn 28.11.1860. Freiherr von 1858. German Diplomat and Scholar. Son of a Dutch officer (N.D.B., but Wikipedia says German soldier), who died already before his birth in 1790 (but acc. to German Wikipedia German court clerk Heinrich Christian B. who died only in 1820). School in Korbach, studies of theology and philology at Marburg and Göttingen. Interested in Orient and especially in Egypt, he planned travel to India. Became the secretary (and friend) of Niebuhr, and in 1816 came with him to Rome, where he then entered the Prussian diplomatic service. Served in 1816-38 in Rome, then in Bern and 1842-54 in London. In 1817 married in Rome the Englishwoman Francis Waddington, had five sons. He had a leading rôle in the foundation of the Archaeological Institute in Rome. 1822 Legationsrat, 1824 Geschäftsträger in Rome, 1839 Gesandter in Switzerland, 1842 in London, 1845 wirkl. Geheimrat. Last years 1854-60 he spent in Heidelberg and Bonn concentrating on his studies. Ennobled in 1858 with a personal title of Freiherr and hereditary nobility. Without being an Indologist he had much influence on contemporary scholarship. In 1846 he took young Max Müller under his wings and advised him to study religion.
Publications: with others: Beschreibung der Stadt Rom. 1-5. 1830-42.
– Das ev. Bisthum zu Jerusalem. 1842; Ägyptens Stelle in der Weltgeschichte. 1-3. 1844-45, 4-5. 1856-57; Die kirche d. Zukunft. 1845; Allgem. ev. Gesangbuch. 2nd ed. 1846; Ignatius von Antiochien. 7 Sendschreiben an A. Neander. 1847; Hippolytus und seine Zeit. 1-2. 1852-53; Analecta Ante-Nicaena. 1-3. 1854; Die Zeichen der Zeit. Briefe an Freunde. 1-2. 1855; Gott in der Geschichte. 1-3. 1857-58.
Sources: Windisch 285f.; W. Bussmann, N.D.B. 3, 1957, 17f.; Wikipedia (with portrait, another two in German version).