STEIN, Rolf Alfred

STEIN, Rolf Alfred. Schwetz (now Świecie, Poland) 13.6.1911 — Paris 9.10.1999. French (born German Jew) Sinologist and Tibetan Scholar. Professor in Paris. Youthful interest in occultism led him to Tibetology. Studied Chinese in Berlin, in 1933 fled to France and studied in Paris Sinology under Granet, Mauss and Maspéro, then Mongolian under Pelliot and Tibetan under Bacot and Lalou, also Japanology, licencié ès lettres 1937. French citizen 1939. In 1940-46 at É.F.E.O. in Hanoi and as Japanese war prisoner. In 1946-49 at Centre franco-chinois in Beijing. Ph.D. 1960 Paris (on Gesar epic). In 1949-52 taught Chinese at Institut des langues et civilisations orientales in Paris. From 1951 Directeur d’études (religions comparées de l’Extreme-Orient et de la Haute Asie) at É.P.H.É. V. section. From 1966 Professor (étude du monde chinois: institutions et concepts) at Collège de France. In 1994 living in Mendon, France, as hon. Professor of Collège de France. Married with a Vietnamese lady, one adopted daughter.

RAS is mainly known as a Tibetan scholar and especially for his important Geser study. Also interested in Tantric Buddhism and Taoism and taught both Sinology and Tibetology. Among his students are A.-M. Blondeau, A. Macdonald-Spanien and Samten Karmay.

Publications: “Notes d’étymologie tibétaine”, BEFEO 41, 1942, 203-231.

diss. publ. L’épopée tibétaine de Gesar dans sa version lamaïque de Ling. A.M.G. Bibl. d’Ét. 61. P. 1956.

Recherches sur l’épopée et le barde au Tibet. Bibl. de l’Inst. des Hautes Ét. chin. 13. P. 1959.

– “L’habitat, le monde et le corps humain en Extrême-Oriet et en Haute Asie”, JA 245, 1957, 37-74; “Du récit au rituel dans les mss. tibétains de Touen-houang”, M. Lalou Vol. 1972, 479-547; “‘Saint et divin’, un titre tibétain et chinois des rois tibétains”, JA 269, 1981, 231-275; and many other articles.

Les tribus ancienes des marches sino-tibétaines. Bibl. de l’Inst. des hautes études chinois 15.P. 1961.

La civilisation tibétaine. 1962, edition definitive. 263 p. P. 1987; English tr. Tibetan Civilization. 1972.

Vie et chants de Brug-pa kun-leg. P. 1972.

– “La soumission de Rudra et autres contes tantriques”, JA 283, 1995, 121-160.

Le Lin-yi, sa localisation, sa contribution á la formation du Champa et ses liens avec la Chine. 1947; Jardins en miniature d’Extrême-Orient. 1953, English transl. by Ph. Brooks: The world in miniature: container gardens and dwellings in Far Eastern religious thought. 418 p. 115 ill. Stanford 1990.

Sources: *Tantric and Taoist Studies in honour of R. A. Stein. Ed. by M. Strickmann. 1–3. Mélanges Chinois et Bouddhiques 20–22. Bruxelles 1981–85 with photo: Chercheurs d’Asie 237-240; P.-Ét. Will, D.O.L.F. 912f.; Wikipedia.

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