BURROW, Reuben. 30.12.1747 — Baxar 7.6.1792. British Mathematician in India. “Son of a farmer, educated at Leeds. Became a clerk, usher, schoolmaster, assistant astronomer and schoolmaster at Greenwich, arithmetical teacher at the Tower, edited the Royal Almanack. Went to India in 1782, learnt Sanskrit.” In fact, he had quarreled with colleagues and had to get living from private pupils, but as his family increased, he accepted the appointment in India. He taught mathematics to engineers, and was employed in the survey of Bengal. An early member of the A.S.B.
Publications: “A Proof that the Hindus had the Binominal Theorem”, As. Res. 2, 1790, repr. 1799, 487-497; contributed ten further papers on Indian astronomy and mathematics to the A.S.B., apparently left unpublished.
– A Short Account of the late Mr. Burrow’s Measurement of a Degree of Longitude and another of Latitude near the tropic in Bengal. 1796 (ed. by his friend Dalby).
– also wrote on classical geometry.
Sources: Burn & Chatterjee 44; Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia with more detail.