CLOSS, Alois

CLOSS, Alois. Neumarkt in Steiermark 27.10.1893 — 10.1.1984. Austrian Iranian Scholar. Librarian in Graz. Son of Alois Closs, a court official, and Rosa Halm, brother the Germanist August Closs. Educated in Graz, 1911-15 studies of theology at Graz (Dr.theol.). In 1915-21 minister and teacher of religion in Graz, 1921-41 Religionsprofessor at Bundesgymnasium in Graz. In 1921-27 studies of science at Graz (Dr.phil.). Then further studies of religion, Oriental languages (under Rhodokanakis) and IE and Iranian philology (Reichelt) at Graz and in 1933-36 at Vienna Iranian (B. Geiger), Elamite (König), ethnology, physical anthropology, German philology and Protestant theology. In 1936 habilitation for Religions­geschichte at Faculty of Theology, Graz. In 1945 moved (Umhabilitation) to Phil. Faculty, now for Historische Ethnologie. In 1941-58 served in Steiermark Landesbibliothek, then retired. Taught still at the university, where he was conferred Professor’s title, until illness forced him to retire in 1968.

Publications: “Altpersiens religiöse Leistung und Tragik”, Missionswiss. und Religionswiss. 1953, 35-56; “Die gnostische Erlösungsidee und Zarathustra”, Festschrift J. F. Schütz 1954; “Anahita”, Religionswiss. Wörterbuch 1956; “Neue Deutung Zarathustras”, Anthropos 1963; “Erlösendes Wissen”, Akten der Gnosis-Symposium in Messina. 1977.

– “Der Schamanismus bei den Indoeuropäern”, Gedenkschift W. Brandenstein 1968; “Priester und Prophet”, Studia Missionalia 1973; “Vorzarathustrische Religionen in Iran”, Acta Iran. 3, 1974, 111-121; “Iranistik und Völkerkunde”, Nyberg Festschrift, Acta Iran. 4:1, 1975, 157-177; “Der zu hoch angesetzte Schamanismusbegriff”, OLZ 70, 1975, 229-240.

Sources: Bio-bibliographie, Acta Ir. 20, 1979, 100f.; *bibliography by M. Miltner, Anthropos 80, 1985, 677-689; briefly in German Wikipedia.

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