COLE, Henry Hardy

COLE, Henry Hardy. 1843 — 1916. British architect and engineer officer in India. Son of —> Henry Cole. Lieutenant, then Major. Before going to India he draw The Heights, the country house of his father in Surrey (completed 1861). From 1868 archaological surveyor, then three years 1881-84 Curator of Ancient Monuments in India, always on the move with his work, also in princely states. He developed conservation fully understanding that bad repair is worse than no repair. In vain he urged local governments to establish conservation departments, only Punjab reacted. He was the first, and severe, critic of the misuse of ancient monuments. He emphasized photographing ancient art and monuments hoping that it could give ideas to artisans. He was undiplomatic and had serious prestige confict with Burgess. His expensive publications brought him further disfavour and his office was not renewed in 1884. Sometimes he is confused with his father, whose deep influence is seen in his work.

Publications: Illustrations of Ancient Buildings in Kashmir. Calcutta 1869; Illustrations of Buildings near Muttra and Agra. Showing the mixed Hindu-Mahomedan Style of Upper India. Calcutta 1873.

Annual Reports on Preservation of National Monuments of India, Calcutta 1882, 1883, 1885.

large illustrated folio reports on Preservation of National Monuments of India: Buildings in the Punjab, Delhi, Golden Temple at Amritsar, Punjab, Graeco-Buddhist Sculpture from Yuzufzai, Great Temple to Siva and His Consort at Madura, Meywar, Temples at Trichinopoly, and Tomb of Jahangir at Shahdara near Lahore in 1884, Great Buddhist Tope at Sanchi, and Agra and Gwalior in 1885

Sources: Up. Singh 2004, 200-212.

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