DORN, Johann Albrecht Bernhard von

DORN, Johann Albrecht Bernhard (Boris Andreevič) von. Scheuerfeld bei Koburg 11.5.1805 — St.Petersburg 19.5.(31.5.)1881. German Orientalist (Iranian Scholar) in Russia. Son of Heinrich Wilhelm D., a minister, and Susanna Friederike Bühl. Studies from 1822, first Theology, soon Oriental languages, at Halle and Leipzig. PD 1825 Leipzig. As a young doctor, in 1826 he was invited to Harkov (then in Russia, now Harkiv in Ukraina) and after a visit to London for manuscript studies he came to Russia and worked in 1829-35 as Professor of Oriental Languages at Harkov University. Taught also Sanskrit there. From 1835 Professor and corresponding member of Imperial Academy in St.Petersburg, 1839 Adjunct and 1852 ordinary member of Academy. For some years also taught at Oriental Institute (i.al. Sanskrit). From 1842 the director of the Asian Museum in St.Petersburg, from 1844 also librarian. In 1860-61 travel to Iran. Married 1836 Charlotte von Klopmann, two sons and two daughters.

Publications: Ueber die Verwandtschaft des persischen, germanischen, griechischen und lateinischen. Hamburg 1827.

De affinitate linguae Slavicae et Sanscritae. Harkov 1833.

History of the Afghans, translated from the Persian of Neamet-Ullah. 1-2. London 1829-36; Grammatische Bemerkungen über die Sprache der Afghanen. St.P. 1845 (= Mem. Imp. Acad. 6:5, 1845, 1-163; A chrestomathy of the Pushtu. 15+618 p. St. Petersburg 1847.

– “Ueber eine Handschrift der arabischen Bearbeitung des Josaphat und Barlaam”, Bull. hist.-phil. 9, 1852, 305-323.

– “Ueber eine Pehlewy-Inschrift und die Bedeutung des Wortes Avesta”, Bull. hist.-phil. 16, 1859, 113-132 = Mél. as. 3, 1859, 506-531.

Much on Iranian (beside Pashtu) and Near Eastern philology, history and numismatics, including Pre-Islamic period.

Sources: *V.A. Abaschnik, “J.A.B.D. (1805–1881) aus Coburg als Professor der Orientalistik in Charkow und Sankt Petersburg”, Coburger Geschichtsblätter 2004: 1-2, 26-39; J.W. Fück, Die arab. Studien 197 & N.D.B. 4, 1959, 78f.; *I.Ju. Kračkovskij, Očerki po istorii russkoj arabistiki. M. – Lg. 1950; *A. M. Kulikova, NAA 1975:2, 220–228; *von Prantl, SBaAW 1882:1, 394-396; Vigasin 2008, 79-82; *Zapiski Akad. nauk 40:2, 1881, 2f.; JRAS Proc. 1883, xvi-xxii; Wikipedia with photo (in Russian version references to further Russian sources).

image_print

Last Updated on

Comments are closed.