FINOT, Louis

FINOT, Louis. Bar-sur-Aube 20.7.1864 — Toulon (Var) 16.5.1935. French Indologist and South-East Asian Scholar. Son of Bernardin-Florentin F., a notary, and Marie Valentine Doré. After school in Troyes studies of law and economic history in Paris. From 1890 employed in Bibliothèque Nationale as a stagiaire, from 1892 as sous-bibliothécaire. Interested early in Indology, studied under Lévi, and himself taught Sanskrit from 1895 as charge de conference at É.P.H.É., where he had his diplom in 1894. In 1898 appointed by French Academy to develop Indochinese archaeology, in January 1899 founded É.F.E.O. in Saigon (soon moved to Hanoi), which he then himself directed in 1899-1904, 1913-18, 1920-26, and 1928-29. Also founded its Bulletin (the BEFEO) and the Hanoi Museum. From c. 1905 again chargé de conference at É.P.H.É., from 1917 directeur d’études indiennes there (Séction Sciences historiques et philologiques). Retired in 1930. In 1920-30 also Professor of Histoire et Philologie indochinoises at Collège de France. In 1933 member of A.I.B.L.

LF is best known as the founder of the É.F.E.O. Though he was an Indologist by profession, the major part of his work was concerned with South-East Asia. He created the archaeological service of French Indochina and the Museum of Hanoi, then known as Musée Louis Finot.

Publications: “La religion et le théâtre dans l’Inde”, RHR 24, 1891, 92-96.

ed. & tr. Les lapidaires indiens. 16+277 p. B.É.H.É. 111. P. 1896.

ed. Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā, Sūtra du Mahāyāna. Bibl. Buddh. 2. St.Petersburg 1901.

– “Fragments d’un Vinaya sanskrit”, JA 1911:2, 8 p.; “Le Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins, texte sanskrit par L.F. avec la version chinoise de Kumārajīva trad. par Éd. Huber”, JA 11:2, 1913, 465-558.

– “La légende de Buddhaghosa”, Cinquantenaire de l’É.H.É.P. P. 1921, 101-119; “Mahāparinibbānasuttanta and Cullavagga”, IHQ 8, 1932, 241-246; “MSS. sanskrits de sādhana retrouvés en Chine”, JA 1934:2, 86 p.

transl.: La Marche à la Lumière. Bodhicaryāvatṝa, poème sanskrit de Çāntideva. 167 p. Classiques de l’Orient 2. P. 1920; Les questions de Milinda. 166 p. Classiques de l’Orient 8. P. 1923.

a great number of articles and reviews in JA, BEFEO (which he founded and edited), etc.; in 1908-20 redacteur of the JA. From BEFEO articlewas collected Notes d’epigraphie indochinoise. 439 p. ill. Hanoi 1916.

– “Recherches sur la littérature laotienne”, BEFEO 17, 1917, 1-219.

wirh V. Goloubew & G. Cœdès: Le temple d’Angkor Vat. 1. L’Architecture du Monument. 43 p. 15 pl. Mém. arch. de EFEO 2. P. 1929.

Sources: Barbiche, D.B.F. fasc. 78, 1975, 1377f.; Charle: Prof. de Collège de France; *R. Dussaud, CRAI 1938, 487-501; *V. Goloubev, BEFEO 35, 1935, 515-538, and bibliography 538-550 (with photo); S. Lévi, JA 228, 1936, 122-124; *K. Nag, JGIS 2, 1935, 170-173; P. Singaravélou, D.O.L.F. 390; Chercheurs d’Asie 105-107; Wikipedia with photo.

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