FRANKE, Alwin Wilhelm Otto

FRANKE, Alwin Wilhelm Otto. Gernrode/Harz 27.9.1863 — Berlin 5.8.1946. German Sinologist (started with Indology). Son of the Burgermeister Friedrich F. (1831–1889; from 1876 director of a prison in Coswig) and Henriette Ziegler (1832–1917). In 1882-87 studies of history, soon also of Indology and law at Freiburg, Berlin, Göttingen and Kiel. Ph.D. 1886 Göttingen (under Kielhorn). In 1887-88 studied Chinese in Berlin under Arendt. In 1888 went to China, served as an interpreter in German embassy in Peking and in consulates in Tientsin and Shanghai. Travelled much in China. In 1901 returned to Germany. From 1903 PD for Sinology at Berlin. From 1909 the first Professor of Sprachen und Geschichte Ostasiens at Hamburg Kolonialinstitut (from 1919 University), in 1923 succeeded J. J. M. de Groot as Professor of Sinology at Berlin University (in Hamburg he was succeeded by —> Forke). In 1931 retired, lived in Berlin (and from 1943 in Ballenstedt). Married in 1897 Luise Niebuhr (1877–), one daughter and three sons, i.al. the Sinologist Wolfgang F. (1912–).

Though OF graduated as an Indologist, he soon concentrated entirely on Sinology. He became known as a specialist of Chinese history and Cunfucian thought, but was also interested in modern China. Some of his Central Asian studies have also relevance for Indology.

Publications: diss. Die Sarvasaṁmata-Çikshā mit Commentar, hrsg., übers. und erklärt. 16+43 p. Göttingen 1886.

much on Sinology, e.g. Beschreibung des Jehol-Gebietes in der Provinz Chihli. 1902; Die Rechtsverhältnisse am Grundeigentum in China. 1903; Ostasiatische Neubildungen. 1911; Die Grossmächte in Ostasien von 1894 bis 1914. 1923; Epigraphische Denkmäler aus China. 1914; Studien zur Geschichte des konfuzianischen Dogmas und des chinesischen Staatsreligion. 1920.

translated: Kêng Tschi T’u. Ackerbau und Seidengewinnung in China. 1913.

Geschichte der chinesischen Reiches. 1-5. 1930-52 (until 1368).

with R. Pischel: “Kaschgar und die Kharoṣṭhī”, SBeAW 1903, 184-196, 735-745.

Beiträge aus chinesischen Quellen zur Kenntnis der Türkvölker und Skythen Zentralasiens. 111 p. ABeAW 1904; “Hat es ein Land Kharoṣṭra gegeben?”, SBeAW 1905, 238-248; Eine chinesische Tempelinschrift aus Idikutschahri bei Turfan, übers. und erklärt. 92 p. ABeAW 1907; articles on Chinese and Central Asian Buddhism in TP, ArchRelWiss, etc.

Sources: H. Franke, N.D.B. 5, 1961, 346f.; *W. Franke, Sinologica 1, 1948, 352-354; *E. Haenisch, Jahrb. d. D.A.W. 1946-49 (1949), 145-149; F. Jäger, ZDMG 100, 1950, 18-36; *B. Theunissen, Monum. Serica 12, 1947, 277-296; bibliography in AM 9, 1933, 1-20 & N.F. 1:1, 1944, 154-158, and in ZDMG 100, 1950, 33f..; German Wikipedia.

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