JOHANSSON, Karl Ferdinand

JOHANSSON, Karl Ferdinand. Misterhult (Kalmar län) 16.9.1860 — Uppsala 9.12.1926. Swedish Indologist. Professor in Uppsala. Son of a tenant farmer, educated in Linköping, matriculated 1880. From 1880 studies at Uppsala: fil.kand. 1882, fil.lic. 1885, Ph.D. 1886. From 1886 PD in IE Linguistics, in 1889-90 & 1892-93 acting Professor. From 1893 eo. Professor and from 1908 ord. Professor “i sanskrit och jämförande indoeuropeisk språkforskning”. Taught there until his death, and was succeeded by Charpentier. Married 1891, three sons.

KFJ started his career as comparativist combining classical philology and junggrammarian methods. In 1888 he proposed the theory of IE “Schwebeablaut”. Under influence of —> Söderblom became interested in religion. Among his students were Charpentier and H. S. Nyberg.

Publications: diss. 1886 and other works on Greek philology; articles on IE in BB, KZ, etc., e.g. “Morphologische Studien”, BB 14, 1889, 151-173; 15, 1889, 304-316; 16, 1890, 212-170; “Über den Wachel von parallelen Stämmen”, BB 18, 1892, 1-55.

Der Dialekt der sog. Shāhbāzgarhī-Redaktion der vierzehn Edikte des Königs Aśoka. 1-2. 1893.

– “Sanskritische Etymologien”, IF 2, 1893, 1-64; “Eine analoge neubildung der verbalflexion im altindischen und balt.-slavischen”, KZ 32, 1893, 434-513; “Die bildung des dativus sing. der a-stämme im Arischen”, BB 20, 1894, 81-102; “Indische Miszellen”, IF 3, 1894, 198-253; “Indische Etymologien”, IF 8, 1898, 160-188; “Arische Beiträge”, IF 14, 1903, 265-339 & 19, 1906, 112-139.

Bidrag till Rigvedas tolkning. 1897; tr. Indiska sagor. 1. Jātaka. 1907.

translated: “Ur Veda”, N. Söderblom (ed.): Främmande Religions-Urkunder. 2. Stockholm 1907, 5-215; other extracts from Indian literature.

– “Pāli-Miscellen”, MO 2, 1907-08, 85-108; Zur mittelindischen Grammatik”, IF 22, 1907-08, 209-233; “Über die Flexion und Etymologie des Skr. kṣam-”, Xenia Lideniana. Stockholm 1912, 116-126; “daṁs-”, Fs. A. Erdmann 1913; “Drei etymologische Vermutungen”, Festschrift E. Kuhn 1916, 273-379; “Über die etymologie des sanskr. ve◊di-”, MO 12, 1918, 244-256; “Die Sanskrit-Wurzel phaṇ- und phāṇṭa-”, ZII 3, 1925, 212-234; “Die mit ni- gebildeten hohen Zahlen im Altindischen”, Festgabe H. Jacobi 1926, 429-439.

Solfågeln i Indien. 80 p. UUÅ. Uppsala 1910.

Über die altindische Göttin Dhíṣaṇā. Beiträge zum Fruchtbarkeitskultus in Indien. 170 p. Skr. K. hum. Vetenskaps-Samfundet 20:1. Uppsala 1919.

Etymologisches und Wortgeschichtliches. 87 p. Upps. Univ. Årsskrift 1927:1.

Sources: Charpentier, “Indol. studier i Sverige”, Sv. Orientsällsk. Årsbok 1924, 68-70 & *Idg. Jahrb. 12, 1928, 324-329; Wikander, Svenskt biogr. Lex. 20, 1975, 262f.; Uppsala Univ. Matrikel 1926, with bibliography; Swedish Wikipedia.

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