HOOKER, Joseph Dalton

HOOKER, Joseph Dalton. Halesworth, Suffolk 30.6.1817 — Sunningdale, Berkshire 10.12.1911. Sir. British Physician and Botanist in India. Son of Sir William Jackson H., also a botanist, educated at High School and University of Glasgow. Joined Royal Navy Medical Department and served as surgeon and naturalist in H.M.S. Erebus in Sir james Ross’ Antarctic expedition in 1839-43. In 1847-51 in India, explored the Himalayas and Khasia Hills (1847-51). In 1860 visited Syria and Palestine, in 1871 Morocco, in 1877 Rocky Mountains. In 1855-85 Assistant Director and Director of Kew Gardens (succeeding his father). C.B. 1869, K.C.S.I. 1877, G.C.S.I. 1897. One of the greatest botanists of his time.

Publications: The Rhododendrons of the Sikkim Himalayas. 1849-51.

Himalayan Journals or notes of a naturalist, in Bengal, the Sikkim and Nepal Himalayas, Khasia Mountains. 1854; A century of Indian orchids. 1859.

The Flora of British India. 1-7. 1872-97; Handbook to the Ceylon flora. 1898-1900.

numerous other publications.

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia with 4 portraits and references.

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