ARNOLD, Sir Edwin. Gravesend 10.6.1832 — London 24.3.1904. British Poet interested in Sanskrit and India. Educated at King’s School in Rochester and King’s College in London. From 1851 at Oxford (University College): B.A. 1854 and M.A. 1856. Principal of the Deccan College in Poona in 1856-61, then reporter of the Daily Telegraph in London. Travelled in 1889-91 in India and Japan, in 1891 in the U.S.A. Three times married (third wife from Japan), several children. C.S.I. 1877, K.C.I.E. 1888. His poem The Light of Asia was important in making Buddhism known in the West.
Publications: edited: Hitopadesa with Sanskrit text, partial translation, and analysis. Byculla 1859.
– translated: The Book of Good Counsels. From the Sanskrit of the Hitopadesa. 1861, new ed. 162 p. 1893; The Indian Song of Songs, from the Sanskrit of the Gïta Govinda of Jayadeva. 16+144 p. L. 1875; Indian Poetry. 270 p. L. 1881, 5th ed. L. 1890 (Gītāgovinda, extracts from the Mbh., and ślokas of the Hitopad., etc.); Indian Idylls from the Mahábhárata. 282 p. 1883; The Secret of Death. L. 1885 (Kaṭhopaniṣad); The Chaura Panchásika. L. 1896; Sa‘di’s Gulistan. 1–4. L. 1899.
– The Light of Asia. Epic on the life of the Buddha. 238 p. L. 1879, many editions and translations; The Light of the World. 295 p. L. 1891 (on Christ).
– The Song Celestial. 185 p. L. 1885 and new editions, also edited by F. Edgerton in his Bhg. 1944 (poetic Bhg. translation).
– “How the Mahábhárata Begins”, JRAS 14, 1882, 246-263.
– History of the Marquis of Dalhousie’s Administration. 1–2. L. 1862-65.
– Poems (e.g. Lotus and Jewel. Poems about India. 263 p. L. 1887), travel books (India revisited. 324 p. L. 1886), translations from Japanese etc.
Sources: *V.S. Naravane, “E.A. and the Light of Asia”, Indian Horizons 29:1, 1980, 17-33; *W. Peiris, E.A. 102 p. The Wheel Publ. 159/161. Kandy 1970; T.S. in D.N.B. 2nd Suppl. 1, 58-60; *B. Wright, Interpreter of Buddhism to the West: Sir E.A. N.Y. 1957; Wikipedia (with photo).