KELLOG, Samuel Henry. Quoque, Long Island, N.Y. 6.9.1839 — Landouri, India 3.5.1899. U.S. Missionary and Indologist (Hindi scholar) in India. Educated at Princeton, graduated in 1861 and in 1864 from Princeton Theological Seminar. D.D. 1877 Princeton. In 1864 ordained as Presbyterian missionary. In 1865-71 missionary in Fatehgarh, in 1873-76 Instructor at Theological Training School in Allahabad, then after his wife’s death in 1877-86 minister in the U.S.A. (first in Pittsburgh, in 1877-85 also Professor of Systematic Theology at Alleghany Theological Seminar in Pennsylvania) and 1886-92 in Toronto. In 1893 he returned to India, living in Landouri as a member of the Committee for translating the Old Testament into Hindi, until his death. Married in 1864, for second time in 1879, 8 children.
His great grammar of all dialects and languages understood under the general name “Hindī” (including Pahari languages, Bihari and Nepali) was a real monument in its time.
Publications: religious books, e.g. The Light of Asia. 18??; The Light of the World. 1885.
– A Grammar of the Hindi Language, in which are treated the high Hindi, Braj, and the eastern Hindi of the Ramayan of Tulsi Das. 1876, 2nd ed. 1893, 3rd ed. with notes on pronunciation by T. Grahame Bailey. 34+584 p. L. 1938.
– A handbook of Comparative Religion. 1899.
– brief articles on Hindi in JAOS, etc.; religious books.
Sources: Who Was Who in Am. Historical Volume; Buckland, Dictionary; briefly Wikipedia.