KIRKPATRICK, William. Ireland 1754 — Exeter 22.8.1812. British (Irish) Colonial Officer in India. Son of Colonel James K. (1739–1818) of Madras Cavalry, himself joined the Bengal Infantry in 1773. He was Persian Interpreter to General Stibbert, the Commander in Chief in Bengal, in 1777-85, then Resident in Gwalior and in 1791-92 Persian Interpreter with Lord Cornwallis in Mysore war. He was the first British to visit Nepal in 1793 and mediated between the Nepalese and Chinese. In 1795 Resident in Hyderabad. In 1798 he met Lord Mornington in the Cape and became his Military Secretary, 1799 his Private Secretary. After Seringapatam 1799 he was made a Commissioner for the partition of Mysore. In 1801 Resident in Poona, left India in 1801. Major-General 1811. Married 1788 Maria Seaton Rawson, four daughters. Said to have been opium addict. His brother was the famous “White Mughal” James Achilles K. (1764–1805).
Publications: “An Introduction to the History of Persian Poets”, The New Asiatic Miscellany 1, 1789, 13-60 & “The Institutes of Gházán Khan, Emperor of the Moghuls”, Ibid. 149-226.
– translated from Persian Diary and Letters of Tippoo Sultaun. L. 1804.
– An account of the Kingdom of Nepaul. 408 p. 14 pl. L. 1811 (an account of his mission to Nepal).
Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; H.M. Chichester, D.N.B. 31, 1892.
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