KRETSCHMER, Paul

KRETSCHMER, Paul. Berlin 2.5.1866 — Vienna 9.3.1956. German IE Scholar in Austria. Professor in Vienna. Son of the history and portrait painter Albert Kr. Studies if IE (J. Schmidt) and classical philology (H. Diels) at Berlin, Ph.D. there 1889. From 1891 PD at Berlin. In 1897-99 Professor at Marburg. In 1899-1936 ord. Professor of General and IE Linguistics at Vienna.

PKr was mainly a Greek scholar, but also one of the last Indogermanists, who really contained all the field. In 1924 he became interested in Hittite, which also led him to early history of Indo-Iranian. He suggested that Varuṇa in his post-Vedic forms was a contamination of Hittite (Aruna ‘sea’) and Babylonian ideas, and Indra identical with Hittite Inaras/Inar/Indara. He tried to reconstruct Indo-Iranian migration explaining from OIA Greek ÖOarow ‘Volga’ as OIA vār- ‘water’, the Sindo€ of Kuban as Indians, and Pliny’s Croucasis, nive candidum for the Kaukasus, thus suggesting that at least part of them had crossed the Kaukasus. Even the Mitanni Aryans he supposed to have later migrated to India, giving on the way the sun-god Šuriaš to the Cassites.

Publications: diss. “Beiträge zur griechischen Grammatik”, KZ 30, 1889, 565-600.

habil.diss. “Indogermanische Accent- und Lautstudien”, KZ 31, 1890, 325-472.

Die griechischen Vaseninschriften. 1894; Einleitung in die Geschichte der griechischen Sprache. 1896; Die heutige lesbische Dialekt. 1905; Rückläufige Wörterbuch der gr. Sprache. 1944.

– “Xerxes und Artaxerxes”, KZ 37, 1899, 140-146; articles on Greek and IE.

Wortgeographie der hochdeutschen Umgangssprache. 1916.

– “Varuṇa und die Urgeschichte der Inder”, WZKM 33, 1926, 1-22; “Weiteres zur Urgeschichte der Inder”, KZ 55, 1927, 75-103; “Zum Ursprung des Gottes Indra”, Anz.Öst.A.W. 1927, 39-53; “Indra und der heth. Gott Inaras”, Kleinasiat. Forsch. 1, 1929, 297-317; “Zur indischen Herkunft europäischer Volksmärchen”, WZKM 1930, 1-21; “Inder am Kuban”, Anz.Öst.A.W. 1943, 35-42; “Altindische Zeugnisse für die Gattenliebe der Wildente Penelops”, Ibid. 1947, 33-35; “Der Name des Elefanten”, Ibid. 1951, 307-325 & 1952, 191-193.

– “Zum Balkanskythischen”, Glotta 24, 1935, 1-56.

Sources: Bihl 69f.; *W. Brandenstein, Kratylos 1, 1956, 88-90; *D. Cherubian, Lex. gramm. 1996, 533; *W. Havers, Almanach Ö.A.W. 106, 1957, 338-366; H. Kronasser, WZKM 1957, 1-3; MNHMH∑ XARIN. Gedenkschrift P.K. 1-2. 1957 (with life and bibliogr. by R. Meister); briefly D.B.E. 6, 1997, 100; Wikipedia (German with more details).

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