KUDRJAVSKIJ, Dmitrij Nikolaevič

KUDRJAVSKIJ, Dmitrij Nikolaevič. 25.10.1867 — 1920. Russian Indologist. Professor in Jur’ev (Tartu). Educated in St.Petersburg (6th Gymnasium). From 1885 studies of IE and Indology at St.Petersburg (under Minaev). Magister 1891. From 1892 taught classical languages at 10th Gymnasium in St.Petersburg. In 1894-95 further studies at Jena under Delbrück. From 1895 PD at St.Petersburg. From 1898 L. Meier’s successor as eo. Professor of German and comparative grammar at Jur’jev (former Dorpat, during the russification period). Taught Sanskrit, too. During the war moved with the University to Voronež and taught there until his death.

DNK was little known outside Russia. He wrote textbooks in Russian and studied on gṛhya texts. He was also interested in ethnological comparativism.

Publications: “Suffiks ablativi singularis v indoevropejskih jazykah”, Ž.M.N.Pr. 1896:4; “Priem početnago gostja po drevne-indijskim pravilam domašnjago rituala”, ibid. 1896:5; “Grihja-sutry, kak istočnik dlja istorii indoevropejskoj bytovoj kul’tury”, Živaja starina 1896; “Četyre stadii v žizni drevnego Indusa. Aktovaja reč’”, Uč. Zapiski Jur’evsk. Univ. 1900, 23 p.

Kratkij učebnik latinskago jazyka v ob’eme programmy fel’dšerskih škol’. 48 p. 1901.

Načal’nyj kurs sanskritskago jazyka. 1903, 173 p. Jur’ev 1917.

Issledovanija v oblasti drevneindijskih domaščnik obrjadov. 252 p. Jur’ev 1904.

Psihologija i jazykoznanija. 86 p. St.Petersburg 1905.

Kak žili ljudi v starinu. Očerki pervobytnoi kul’tury. 94 p. 1906.

translated: “Hitopadeša. Dobroe nastavlenie. Sbornik drevneindijskih rasskazov sostavlenyj Narajanoj”, 135 p. Uč. Zapiski Jur’evsk. Univ. 16, 1908. 1-80 & 17, 1909, 81-135.

Vvedenie v jazykoznanie. 2. 130 p. Jur’ev 1913.

Sources: Biogr. slovar’ … Jur’jev. 1902, 587f.; *S.V. Smirnov, “Iz istorii jazykoznanija. Dmitrij Nikolaevič Kudrjavskij (1867-1920)”, Russkaja reč’ 3, 1971, 137-145; briefly mentioned by Roerich, JGIS 12, 1945, 80 and in Bongard-Levin & Vigasin 1984, 104; *E. Kelih: Glottometrics 8, 2004, 79-89 summarized in www.glottopedia.org; *Vigasin 2008, 195f. with photo.

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