LE BON, Gustave

LE BON, Gustave. Nogent-le-Rotrou (Eure-et-Loir) 7.12.1842 — Paris 13.12.1931. French Sociologist and Anthropologist. Although he was no Indologist, he conducted during two or three years (1884–) an archaeological mission to India financed by the French Minister of Public Instruction. According to Grierson, he was a dilettant without understanding it and attempted often undeserved criticism against Indologists. The conclusion of his review was very close to the old joke: “Die Bilder sind gut.” Later he became famous of his psychological works. Living in Paris.

Publications: L’Homme et les sociétés: Leurs origines et leur histoire. 1-2. 1881; Civilisation des arabes. 1884.

the official report of his Indian travels in 5 vols. and a popular summary: Les civilisations de l’Inde. 743 p. 350 ill. P. 1887, rev. ed. 1899; Les monuments de l’Inde. 254 p. P. 1893.

Les levers photographiques et la photographie en voyage. 1-2. P. 1888-89.

Les premiers civilisation. 1888; Les lois psychologiques de l’évolution des peuples. 1894, 5th ed. 1901; Psychologie des foules. 1895, 6th ed. 1902; Psychologie de socialisme. 1898, 3rd ed. 1902; Psychologie de l’éducation. 1902, 13th rev. ed. 1910; La Révolution française et la psychologie des révolutions. 328 p. 1912; Psychologie des temps nouveaux. 307 p. P. 1920.

L’équitation actuelle et ses principles. 1892, rev. ed. 16+356 p. 1912; L’évolution de la matière. 1907; L’évolution des forces. 1907; Les opinions et croyances. 340 p. 1911; Aphorismes du temps présent. 6+197 p. 1913; La vie des vérités. 283 p. 1914; La déséquitation du monde. 295 p. P. 1923.

Sources: Grierson’s review of his 1887 book in IA 17, 1888, 25-28, also *Foucaux, RHR 15, 1887, 209-216; Poggendorf 1883–1904; works in Catal. gén. de la libr. fr. all vols for 1886–1925.

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