MARKHAM, Clements Robert. Stillingfleet, York 20.7.1830 — London 30.1.1916. Sir. British Naval Officer, Traveller and Geographer. Son of Rev. David F. Markham and Catherine Milner. “Educated at Cheam and Westminster, entered the Navy in 1844. Served in the Arctic expedition, 1850-1, retired from the Navy, 1852. Travelled in Peru, 1852-5, introduced cinchona trees from Peru into British India, 1859-62. Geographer to the Abyssinian expedition.” Secretary to the Royal Geogr. Society, 1863–88, its President in 1893–1905. Secretary to the Hakluyt Society, 1858-87, its President in 1889–1909. Assistant Secretary in the India Office, 1867-77. In 1877 he retired from public life. Died in an accident. Among other things he strongly prompted Antarctic expeditions.
Publications: Travels in Peru and India. L. 1862; History of the Abyssinian Expedition. L. 1869; General Sketch of the History of Persia. L. 1874; Missions to Tibet. 1876; Memoirs of the Indian Surveys. L. 1878; Major James Rennel and the Rise of Modern English Geography. L. 1895.
– books on South American Indians and on European history, biographies; edited and translated travel books.
Sources: Buckland, Dictionary.; H.R.M. in D.N.B. 1912–1921, 367f.; *A. H. Markham, The Life of Sir Cl. R. M. L. 1917; Wikipedia with six pictures and further references.