MONNERET DE VILLARD, Ugo. Milan 16.1.1881 — Rome 5.11.1954. Italian Archaeologist, Art Historian and Orientalist, a specialist of Egypt anf Ethiopia, but with wide interests including Iran and North-West India. Studied engineering and architecture, but soon concentrated on Mediaeval art and gradually also Oriental art. Learned well Arabic and Syriac languages. In 1913-24 taught history of architecture at Milano Polytechnic. In 1921-38 during several expeditions conducted a systematic survey of Nubia, also research in Egypt for Italian state.

Publications: monographs and a great number of articles on Egypt, Near East, Mediaeval Art, etc.

– “Antemanichea”, Rendic. Ist. Lombardo 1923; “The relations of manichaean Art to Iranian Art”, Survey of Persian Art 2, 1939, 1280-1828.

Aksûm. Ricerche di topografia generale. R. 1938; “Note sulle influenze asiatiche nell’ Africa Orientale”, RSO 17, 1938, 303-349; “Aksûm e il quatro Re del Mondo”, Annali Lateranensi 1948.

– “The Iranian Temple of Taxila”, Survey of Persian Art 1, 1938, 445-448; L’Arte Iranica. Verona 1954.

– “Un avorio dell’ Asia Centrale scoperto nei pressi di Roma”, Asiatica 8, 1942, 3-10; “Le monete dei Kushāna e l’impero romano”, Orientalia N.S. 17, 1948, 205-245.

Sources: M. Bussagli, E & W 5, 1955, 276-278; *Levi Della Vida, RSO 30, 1955, 172-181 with bibliography; Italian Wikipedia.

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