UNKRIG, Wilhelm Alexander

UNKRIG, Wilhelm Alexander. Köslin, Pomerania (now Koszalin in Poland) 1883 — Traisa near Darmstadt 24.6.1956. German Mongolian and Lamaist Scholar. Son of a crofter. From 1908 he was trained for missionary work among the Mongols at Religious Academy in Kazan and in 1912 became Russian Orthodox priest. The World War I stopped his plans and he returned to Germany, where he became a scholar of Lamaism and Tibeto-Mongolian medicine. For a while, 1924-26, librarian at Anthropos Institute in Vienna, from 1926 private scholar in Berlin, collaborated with Filchner. From 1936 Librarian of the Sinological Institute and from 1943 Lecturer in Tibetan and Mongolian at Frankfurt a. M. University. Hon. dr. 1953 Frankfurt. Married.

Publications: Aus den letzten Jahrzehnten des Lamaismus in Rußland. 21 p. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Buddhismus 20. Munich 1926 (from Zeitschrift für Buddhismus 1921).

– “Ein moderner buddhistischer Katechismus für burjatische Kinder”, Anthropos 21, 1926, 148-181, 523-545 & 23, 1928, 475-498; reviews in Anthropos.

With W. Filchner: Kumbum Dschamba Ling. Das Kloster der Hunderttausend Bilder Maitreyas. 16+555 p. Lp. 1933.

“Volkskundliche Beobachtungen aus dem Gouvernement Kostroma”, ZfEthnol. 65, 1933, 80-92; “Mongolisches Volksleben”, Baessler-Archiv 17, 1934, 134-138, 5 fig.

Die Tollwut in der Heilkunde des Lamaismus nach tibetisch-mongolischen Texten im »Statens Etnografiska Museum« zu Stockholm. 19 p. & plates. Contributions to Ethnography, Linguistics and History of Religion. Stockholm 1954.

– Minor writings, translated scholarly texts from Russian.

Ed. by H. Walravens & M. Taube, Kleine Arbeiten zur Mongolistik und Tibetologie.: Korrespondenz mit Johannes Schubert. 2022.

Sources: *C. R. Bawden, “W.A.U’s correspondence with the Britisch [sic] and Foreign Bible Society: A contibution to the History of Bible Translation and of Printing in Mongolian in Russia in the early 19th century”, ZASt 14:1, 1980, 65-108; *W. Heissig, CAJ 3, 1957-58, 21f. with photo; W. Nölle, Anthropos 51, 1956, 1083; Snelling, Buddhism in Russia. 1993, 279f.; bibliography by Walravens, ZASt 16, 1982, 251-291; D. Haller in www.germananthropology.com/short-portrait/wilhelm-alexander-unkrig/436 with photo.

*H. Walravens: Wilhelm Alexander Unkrig: Mongolist, Theologe und Kenner lamaistischer Heil­kunde; eine Bibliographie; mit bislang unveröffentlichten Briefen Unkrigs. Hamburg 1981; W. A. Unkrig (1883-1956) Korrespondenz mit Herbert Franke und Sven Hedin: Briefwechsel über Tibet, die Mongolei und China. Wb. 2003; *H. Waltavens (ed.), W. A. Unkrig (1883-1956. Leben und Werk. Mit einigen seiner mongolistischen Beiträge. Wb. 2003 (with photo).

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