VENDRYES, Joseph (Jean-Baptiste-Marie)

VENDRYES, Joseph (Jean-Baptiste-Marie). Paris 13.1.1875 — Paris 30.1.1960. French IE, Celtic and General Linguist. Professor in Paris. Son of a civil servant. Studies in Paris under Meillet et al. (Sanskrit under V. Henry and S. Lévi). Agrégé de grammaire 1896, Licencié 1894. In 1898-99 further studies at Freiburg under Thurneysen. Ph.D. 1901 (diss. on Latin). In 1902-06 taught Greek at Clermont, 1906-07 at Caen. Succeeding Henry chargé de cours at Faculté des lettres from 1907, 1919 professeur adjoint and 1923 professeur titulaire de linguistique. Also taught Celtic languages and literature at É.P.H.É. from 1926, and linguistics in 1920-36 at École normale superieure. Served in WW I. During WW II declined from collaboration and was briefly arrested in 1944. Retired 1946. Member of A.I.B.L. 1931. Married, children.

Publications: Diss. Recherches sur l’histoire et les effets de l’intensité initiale en latin. 14+348 p. P. 1902.

– Much on general linguistics, Celtic, Greek and Latin, also on Celtic literature and culture, and numerous reviews, especially in Revue Celtique, BSL and MSL; edited Old Irish texts.

Traité d’accentuation grecque. 18+275 p. P. 1904 and many editions; Grammaire du vieil-irlandais. 10+408 p. P. 1908; Le Langage. 28+447 p. P. 1921, also English transl.; Lexique étymologique de l’irlandais ancien. Fasc. 1. P. 1959 (continued by others).

– “Le type verbal en -*ske/o– de l’indo-iranien”, Mélanges S. Lévi 1911, 173-182; “Correspondances de vocabulaire entre l’indo-iranien et l’italo-celtique”, MSL 20, 1917, 265-285.

– With A. Meillet: Traité de grammaire comparée des langues classiques. P. 1924.

Choix d’études linguistiques et celtiques. 352 p. P. 1952 (with bibliography).

Sources: *Éd. Bachellery, Annuaire de l’É.P.H.É. 1961, 19-29; E. Benveniste, *BSL 55, 1960, 1-9 (republ. in Sebeok 1966:2, 385-393); *Charle, Les professeurs de la Faculté des lettres. 2. 197?; *P. Desmet & P. Swiggers, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 962-964; *F.B.J. Kuiper, Jaarboek K.N.A.W. 1960–61, 369-374; A. Merlin, CRAI 104, 1960, 374-381; Wikipedia (more in French version); photo in BSL 55, 1960 and CRAI 1960.

*P.-Y. Testenoire, “À l’ombre de deux maîtres: la correspondance Bally–Vendryes”, V. Chepiga & E. Sofia (eds.), Correspondance entre linguistes. Louvain-la-Neuve 2017, 45-63.

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