POKORNY, Julius. Prague 12.6.1887 — Zürich 8.4.1970. Austrian (of Prague) IE and Celtic Scholar in Swizerland. Professor in Berlin and Zürich. Educated in Prague. Studies of philology, law and linguistics at Vienna, student of Kretschmer. Ph.D. 19??. In 1914-20 PD für keltische Philologie at Vienna, in 1918-20 also für Englisch. In 1920-28 beamtl. ao. Professor and 1928-35 Professor für Keltologie at Berlin. Dismissed because of Jewish grandparents he moved to Switzerland in 1943. From 1944 Docent at Bern and Zürich, later also at Fribourg. Retired 1959 but continued teaching. From 1955 also Hon.Professor of Celtic at Munich.
JP was mainly a scholar of Celtic (a noted specialist of Old Irish), but also the author of the much used comparative IE dictionary. He also advocated the strong position of Illyrians in early history and found Illyrian elements even in the British Isles. He strongly supported Irish nationalist movement.
Publications: much on Celtology, also on IE.
– “Die Flexion der ā-Stämme im Indoiranischen und Armenischen”, KZ 46, 1914, 287-292.
– edited A. Walde’s Vergl. Wörterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen. 1-3. B. & Lp. 1927-32.
– Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 1-2. 1187 p. Bern 1959-69.
Sources: P. Meyer, Lex. gramm. 1996, 739f.; D.G.K. 1950, 1954, 1961; briefly D.B.E. 8, 1998, 22; Wikipedia.
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