PRENDERGAST, Thomas

PRENDERGAST, Thomas. Madras 22.4.1806 — Cheltenham 14.11.1886. Sir. British Civil Servant and Linguist in India. Son of Sir Jeffrey Pr. (1769–1856), of Indian army. After studies at Haileybury in 1825-26 joined the Madras Civil Service, finally Magistrate and Collector of Ganjam (Buckl.) or Rajahmundry (Boase), retired in 1859 and returned to the U.K. In the end became blind. Married Caroline Lucy Dalrymple (d. 1839) and Theresa Drummond, with the first two sons and one daughter.

He developed his own system of teaching languages and applied it to Dravidian languages (beside several European). Himself he knew Tamil and Telugu.

Publications: The Mastery System of Languages or the Art of speaking Foreign Languages idiomatically. 1864; other works on the same.

Sources: G.C.B[oase], D.N.B. 46, 1896, 301; Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia (from Boase) with photo; exact birth date and family details in ancestry.com.

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