RAVERTY, Henry George. Falmouth, Cornwall 31.5.1825 — Grampound Road, Cornwall 20.10.1906. British Colonial Officer and Oriental (Afghan) Scholar in India. Son of Peter R., a naval surgeon, educated in Falmouth and Penzance. Came to India as cadet of Welsh Fusiliers, in 1843 moved to 3rd Bombay Native Infantry. Served in Gujarat and North-West Frontier (learning Pashto in Peshawar), in 1848 participated in the siege of Multan and in 1850 in the first frontier expedition (on the Swat border). In 1952-59 in civil service as Assistant Commissioner in the Pañjab. Major 1863. In 1864 retired from army and returned to England. He settled down in his native Cornwall and concentrated on his studies. Married 1865 with Fanny Vigurs Pooley, no children.
HGR was a pioneer of Pashto studies.
Publications: Grammar of the Pukhto, Pushto or Language of the Afghans. 1855, 2nd ed. 204 p. 1860, 3rd ed. 1867; Pushto Manual. 1880.
– Thesaurus of English and Hindūstānī Technical Terms used in Building and other useful Arts; and scientific Manual of Words and Phrases in the higher Branches of Knowledge; containing upwards of five thousand Words not generally to be found in the English and Urdū Dictionaries. Hertford 1859.
– Dictionary of the Pukhto, Pushto or Language of the Afghans. 558 p. 1860, 2nd ed. 1867.
– Gulshan i Roh. 1860 (anthology of Pashto prose and poetry); Selections from the Poetry of the Afghans from the 16th to the 19th century. 1862 (transl.); The Fables of Aesop al-Hakim. 1871 (in Pashto).
– Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan. 1-4. 1881-88 (on geography and ethnogr.).
– articles in the JASB 1854–1905 on geography, history and ethnology.
– Minhāj ibn Sirāj: Ṭubaḳāt i Nāṣirī. 1981 (a history, tr. from Pashto).
Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; E. E[dwards], D.N.B. 2nd Suppl. 3, 1912, 164; Wikipedia.