BANNERTH, Ernst. Eilenburg, Sachsen 13.10.1895 — Cairo 29.4.1976. German Urdu and Islamic Scholar and Catholic priest. Educated in Leipzig, 1913 became professional officer and 1916 sent to Near East. British war prisoner 1917-20 in India, then joined Benedictines and studied theology at Vienna. Ordained 1930. Dr.theol. 1941 Vienna. Worked as priest in Burgenland, opposed Nazis. During the war from 1942 interpreter of the Indian Legion, then interned until 1947. Again minister of Stotzing until 1953. Taught as Lektor at Vienna University (also PD 1956) in the 1950s, in retirement moved 1961 to Cairo. In 1964-66 Rektor of the Catholic Pilgerhaus in Jerusalem, but living in Cairo where he taught Islamic studies at the university.
Publications: With M. Iqbal: “ Islam in Modern Urdu Poetry”, Anthropos 37-40, 1942-45, 605-619.
– Hindustani Briefe. 15 Urdu- und 6 Hindi- Briefe mit Umschrift und Übersetzung. 55 p. Lp. 1943.
– With O. Spies: Lehrbuch der Hindi-Sprache. 203 p. Lp. 1945.
– Wrote on Islam and Near East (Egypt).
Sources: www.atlas-burgenland.at; a few stray notes in Internet; photo (1964) in https://scopeq.cc.univie.ac.at/Query/detail.aspx?ID=13626.
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