SCHLAGINTWEIT, Emil

SCHLAGINTWEIT, Emil. Munich 7.7.1835 — 20.10.1904. German Indologist and Tibetan Scholar. Younger brother of —> Adolf, Hermann, and Robert S. A fifth brother was Eduard S. (1831–1866), an officer and explorer of Morocco. Their father was the physician and Scholar Joseph S. (1791–1854). Mother died in 1839, and the boys were in charge of tutors. While the brothers explored Central Asia, Emil studied law at Berlin, but became interested in their explorations and started to work on their collections. Ph.D. Dr. iuris. He was in the service of Bavarian Government and became Bavarian Regierungsrat. Member of Bavarian Academy. He inherited the Tibetan manuscripts and xylographs collected by his brothers and later sold them to Bodleian Library.

He was a good Tibetan scholar who also knew Sanskrit.

Publications: Buddhism in Tibet. 24+403 p. 20 pl. Lp. 1863.

Tibetische Texte, übersetzt und erläutert. 1864.

– “Über den Gottesbegriff des Buddhismus”, SBaAW 1864:1, 83-102.

ed. & tr. “Die Könige von Tibet”, ABaAW 10, 1866, 791-879, 11 p. lith. Tibetan text (rgyal-rabs).

Die Gottesurtheile der Inder. 37 p. Munich 1866; “Die geographische Verbreitung der Volkssprachen Ostindiens. Nach amtlichen Quellen”, SBaAW 1875:2, 325-373; “Ostindische Kaste in den Gegenwart”, ZDMG 33, 1879, 549-607.

– “Die tibetischen Handschriften … zu München”, SBaAW 1875:2 (1876), 67-88; “Verzeichnis der tibetischen Handschriften … zu Stuttgart”, SBaAW 1904, 245-270.

Indien in Wort und Bild. 1-2. Lp. 1880-81.

transl. “Die Berechnung der Lehre. Eine Streitschrift zur Berichtigung der Buddhisti­schen Chronologie verfasst im Jahre 1591 von Sureçamatibhadra”, ABaAW 20:3, 1896(-97), 589-670; “Die Lebensbeschreibung von Padma Sambhava, dem Begründer des Lamaismus, 747 n.Chr.”, 1. “Die Vorgeschichte ent­haltend die Herkunft und Familie des Buddha Çâkyamuni”, ABaAW 21:2, 1899, 417-444 & 2. Wirken und Er­lebnisse in Indien”, ABaAW 22:3, 1903, 517-576 (with text­s).

short articles and reviews.

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; F. W. Thomas, JRAS 1905, 215-218; Walravens 2008, 171f.; *W. Wolkenhauer, A.D.B. 31, 1890, 337-347; *TP N.S. 5, 1904; Wikipedia; poor photo in Stache-Rosen.

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