BLOCH, Ernst Theodor

BLOCH, Ernst Theodor. Christiansfeld, Schleswig 8.5.1867 — 20.10.1909. German Indologist. Born as a son of a dyer master in the Herrnhutian colony of Christiansfeld in North Slesvig (now Denmark), went there to school. In 1880-82 at Unitätsanstalt and 1882-87 at Pädagogium of the Brudergemeinschaft in Niesky (bei Görlitz in Ober-Lausitz). Studies mainly in Leipzig (1889-90 in Berlin): classical philology, German, IE (Brugmann), and Indology (Windisch), later also Iranian (Lindner), Persian, Semitics and Turkish (Socin). Ph.D. 1893 Leipzig. PD 1896 Leipzig. In 1900 came to India, where he was employed in the A.S.I., in the end as Superintendent of the Eastern Circle. Asked for a leave on because of illness, but died before he could leave for Europe.

Publications: As there are no full accounts of his life and work, an exceptional degree of completeness has been attempted here.

diss. Vararuci und Hemacandra. Ein Beitrag zur Kritik und Geschichte der Prakrit-Grammatik. 48 p. Lp. 1893 (also in KZ 33, 1895, 321-366); habil.diss. Über das Gṛhya- und Dharmasūtra der Vaikhānasa. 46 p. Lp. 1896.

verbal index to the 2nd edition of Bühler’s Āpastamba. Aphorisms of the sacred law of the Hindus. Bo. Skr. Ser. 60. Bombay 1894; review of Klemm’s Shaḍ-viṁṣa-Brāhmaṇa, WZKM 8, 1894, 247f.

Supplementary Catalogue of the Archaeological Collections in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 1911.

– “An ancient inscribed Buddhist statue from Çrāvastī”, JASB 68:1, 1898, 274-290; “A new inscription of Mahārāja Bhoja I, from Marwar, dated Harṣa Saṁvat 100”, ib. 291-295; “An edition of a new copper-plate inscription of Jayādityadeva II”, JASB 69, 1900, 88-92.

– “An unpublished Valabhī Copper-plate Inscription of King Dhruvasena I [A.D. 536/7]”, JRAS 1895, 379-384; “The Peppé Inscription”, JRAS 1899, 425f.; “The Modern Name of Nālandā”, JRAS 1909, 440-443.

– “Excavations at Basarh”, ASIAR 1903/04, 81-122; “Caves and inscriptions in Rāmgarh Hill”, ASIAR 1903/04, 123-131; some further articles in the ASIAR.

– “Basar-Vesali”, ZDMG 58, 1904, 206; “Ein griechisches Theater in Indien”, ib. 455-457; “Excavation at Lauriya”, ZDMG 60, 1906, 227-232; “Über einige bildliche Darstellungen arischer Gottheiten”, ZDMG 62, 1908, 648-656; “Die Zeit Kālidāsas”, ib. 671-676; “Eine Sammlung persischer und arabischer Hss. in Indien”, ZDMG 63, 1909, 98-102; “Zur Asoka Inschrift von Bairat”, ib. 325-328; “Eine neugefundene Inschrift aus Zentral-Indien [Besnagar]”, ib. 587-590; “Eine indische Version der iranischen Sage von Sām”, ZDMG 64, 1910, 733-738; “Die zoroastrischen Gottheiten auf den Münzen der Kuṣāṇa-Könige”, Ib. 739-744.

– “Two inscriptions on Buddhist images”, EI 8, 1905-06, 179-182, 2 pl.; “Sahêt Mahêt umbrella staff inscription”, EI 9, 1907-08, 290f., 1 pl.; “Amaunā plate of the Mahārāja Nandana”, EI 10, 1909-10, 49f.

– “Über einige altindische Götternamen”, Wörter und Sachen 1, 1909, 80-84 (Viṣṇu & Rudra-Śiva); “Altindisch ‘uḍupa’, ‘ṛṣi’, ‘gardabha’”, W & S 2, 1910, 1-8; “Zum Postwesen der alten Perser und Inder”, W & S 3, 1912, 135-137.

Sources: Lebenslauf in diss.; ASIAR 1909-10, 9; some works in Ges.Vz.

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