ABBOTT, Justin Edwards

ABBOTT, Justin Edwards. Portsmouth NH 25.12.1853 — Summit NJ 16.9.1932. Rev. U.S. Missionary and Indologist (Marathi Scholar). B.A. Son of missionary parents, he came in 1857 to Rahuri (Ahmednagar dt.) and grew up in Maharashtra. He worked 30 years as a missionary in the Bombay Presidency. Apparently already in India in 1891, and returned home before 1920, when his adress was in Summit, N.J. It seems that when in India, his scholarly pursuit mainly lied in archaeology and epigraphy, and the study of Maratha saints started after retirement. Criticised for his very literal translations.

Publications: “Recently discovered Buddhist Caves at Nadsur and Nenavali in the Bhor State, Bombay Presidency”, IA 20, 1891, 121-123; “Discovery of Ancient Brâhmî Script in Kashmir”, JBRAS 21, 1900-05, 562-567; “Indian Inscriptions on the Fire Temple at Baku”, JAOS 29, 1909, 299-304 (in Pañjabi); inscriptions also in EI 4, 1896-97, 297-300 & 5, 1898-99, 102f.; brief notes in IA 21, 1892, 94 & 24, 1895, 83.

– “The Kātkari Language”, JBRAS Centen. Vol. 1905, 78-126.

– “Mālobā, the Marathī Saint”, JAOS 40, 1920, 300-306; “The Maratha Poet-Saint Dāsopant Digambar”, JAOS 42, 1922, 251-279; “The Bhikshugītā or Mendicant’s Song. The Parable of the Repentant Miser”, JAOS 46, 1926, 289-196 (BhāgP 11).

with N. R. Godbole edited the Poet Saints of Maharashtra series in Poona (translations from the Bhakta­līlakāmrta of Mahīpati): 1. Bhānu Dās. 1926; 2. Eknath. 1927; 3. Bhikshu­gītā. 1928; 4. Dasopant Digambar. 1928; 5. Bahiṇā Bāī. 1929; 6. Stotramālā. 1929; 7. Tukarām. 1930, collected as Stories of Indian Saints. 1-2. 37+507, 34+499 p. Poona 1933-34.

articles on Stephens and other early Marathi Christian authors: BSOS 2:4, 1923, 679-683 & BSOS 3:1, 1923, 159-164; on Sivaji, JRAS 1924, Cent. Suppl. 191-195 & JAOS.50, 1930, 159-160.

The Keys of Power. A Study of Indian Ritual and Belief. 560 p. N.Y. 1933.

Sources: Short note in JAOS 1932 or 1933, works in the N.U.C. (not in B.L.C.); neither in the Who Was Who in Am. nor in the Nat. Cycl. Am. Biogr.

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