MEILLET, Paul Jules Antoine

MEILLET, Paul Jules Antoine. Moulins (Allier) 11.11.1866 — Châteaumeillant (Cher) 12.9.1936. French Linguist. Professor in Paris. Spent his childhood in Moulins and Châteaumeillant,where his father worked as notary. After Lycée Banville of Moulins he came to Paris in 1884 intending to become a teacher. After a while at Lycée Louis-le-Grand…

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SPIEGEL, Friedrich (von)

SPIEGEL, Ludwig Friedrich Ernst (1880 von Sp.). Kitzingen near Würzburg 11.7.1820 — Munich 15.12.1905. German Indo-Iranian Scholar. Professor in Erlangen. Matriculated from Ansbach, began 1839 studies of theology at Erlangen, but soon moved to Sanskrit and other Oriental languages under Rückert, then also at Leipzig (Brockhaus, Arabic under Fleischer) and…

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SOKOLOV, Sergej Nikolaevič

SOKOLOV, Sergej Nikolaevič. Ozerovo village, uezd Tihvin, Čerepoveckoj gub. 8.6.1923 — 14.6.1985. Russian Iranian Scholar. Son of an official. In 1941-45 in military service. Graduated 1953 from Leningrad Oriental Faculty. Kand. filol. nauk 1958. Docent 1964. From 1956 taught at Leningrad Oriental Faculty, as translator visited Syria (1956) and U.A.R.…

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SCHEFTELOWITZ, Isidor

SCHEFTELOWITZ, Isidor Isaac. Sandersleben/Anhalt 1.5.1875 — Oxford 17.12. 1934. German (Jewish) Indo-Iranian Scholar. Professor and Rabbi in Köln. Son of a rabbi. After school in Königsberg worked in trade, from 1897 studies at Königsberg and Berlin. Ph.D. 1901 Königsberg (under Bezzenberger). Rabbinical studies in Berlin, graduated 1903. In 1906-07 in…

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SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich

SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich. Göttingen 31.1.1896 — Göttingen 13.3.1957. German Iranian and Semitic Scholar. Professor in Berlin and Göttingen. Son of Erich S. (1861–1936; Professor of Theology at Göttingen 1896-99, Kiel 1899-1918, and Breslau). Interrupted school in Kiel in 1914 and joined the army as voluntary, served in France, Lithuania and…

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SAINT-MARTIN, Antoine-Jean

SAINT-MARTIN, Antoine-Jean. Paris 17.1.1791 — Paris 17.7.1832 (SdeS says 10.7.). French Oriental (mainly Armenian) Scholar. Son of a tradesman, he first planned commercial career, but became interested in languages and student of Silvestre de Sacy at É.L.O.V. From 1820 member of A.I.B.L. and from 1824 director of the Bibliothèque de…

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WOLFF, Fritz

WOLFF, Fritz Georg. Berlin 11.11.1880 — Auschwitz after 31.3.1943. German Iranian Scholar. Son of a wealthy merchant, Emanuel Wolff, and Hedwig née Wolff. Educated in Berlin, then studied many languages at Munich, Heidelberg (i.al. Osthoff), Berlin and Giessen. Ph.D. 1905 Giessen, under Bartholomae. Lived some time in Münster, during the…

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WINDISCHMANN, Friedrich Heinrich Hugo

WINDISCHMANN, Friedrich Heinrich Hugo. Aschaffenburg 13.12.1811 — Munich 23.8.1861. German Indo-Iranian Scholar and Theologian, Catholic Priest. Son of —> K.J.H.W. and Anna Maria Pizzala, educated in Bonn. In 1827-32 studied at Bonn philosophy (under his father), classics and Sanskrit (Schlegel & Lassen). Ph.D. 1832 Bonn. From 1832 studied Theology at…

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WILSON, John

WILSON, John. Lauder, Berwickshire 11.12.1804 — near Bombay 1.12.1875. Rev. British (Scottish) Missionary in India, Indologist and Iranian Scholar. Son of Andrew W., a farmer and township councillor, and his wife Janet. From the age of 14 studied arts, then theology at Edinburgh, during holidays worked as tutor. He became…

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WILLMAN-GRABOWSKA, Helena

WILLMAN-GRABOWSKA, Helena Antonina Maria. Warsaw 4.1.1870 — Cracow 31.10.1957. Polish Indologist. Professor in Krakow. Daughter of Józef Grabowski and Elżbieta Lipińska. After school in Warsaw she became a schoolteacher in 1887 (when 17). Soon active in anti-Russian movement. Women were then not allowed to the university, but she studied privately…

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