HUNTER, William

HUNTER, William. Montrose, Angus 1755 — Java ?.12.1812. British (Scottish) Physician in India. Educated at Marischal College and Aberdeen University (M.A. 1777). M.D. 1808. Joined the E.I.C.’S medical service in 1781. As naval surgeon 1782 he was driven to Burma by a storm. Worked as surgeon at Agra Residency, participated…

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HUMBOLDT, Wilhelm, Freiherr von

HUMBOLDT, Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Carl Ferdinand, Freiherr von. Potsdam 22.6.1767 — Tegel bei Berlin 8.4.1835. German Diplomat and Linguist interested in Sanskrit. Son of the Prussian Kammerherr and Major Alexander Georg von H. (1720–1779, his father Johannes Paul von H. had obtained the Prussian title of nobility in 1738) and…

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HOOYKAAS, Christiaan

HOOYKAAS, Christiaan. Amersfoort 26.12.1902 — ’s-Gravenhage 13.8.1979. Dutch Sanskrit and Indonesian Scholar. Son of a vicar, Isaäc H. and Eva Maria Faber. From 1921 studies of Sanskrit (Vogel) and Indonesian at Leiden, Ph.D. there 1929 in Javanese. In 1929-39 high school teacher in Java, mainly in Yogyakarta, in 1939-41 Government…

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HINLOOPEN LABBERTON, Dirk van

HINLOOPEN LABBERTON, Dirk van. Doesburg, Gelderland 24.9.1874 — Ojai, Calif. 3.9.1961. Dutch Theosophist interested in Sanskrit, lived a long time in Indonesia. Son of the bookseller Richard van H.L. and Regina Henke van Assen. Matriculated 1893 from Arnhem, he went in 1894 to Indonesia and worked as employee in sugar…

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HELD, Gerrit Jan

HELD, Gerrit Jan. Kampen (Overijssel) 1.7.1906 — Jakarta 28.9.1955. Dutch Anthropologist in Indonesia. Son of Andries H. (d. 1908) and Hermina Rozenberg. After gymnasium in Kampen and military service, from 1926 studied Sanskrit, Old Javanese and Ethnology at Leiden. Ph.D. 1935 Leiden (under Josselin de Jong). In service of Nederlands…

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GONDA, Jan

GONDA, Jan. Gouda 14.4.1905 — Utrecht 28.7.1991. Dutch Indologist. Professor in Utrecht. Son of Jan Gonda and Martha Jantina Derksema. After school in Gouda studies of classical, soon also Old Indian, Iranian and Indonesian philology in 1923-31 at Utrecht and Leiden under Caland, van Hamel, Juynboll, Vollgraff, et al. Ph.D.…

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FOKKER, Abraham Anthony

FOKKER, Abraham Anthony. Karmat / Batavia 27.9.1862 — the Hague 1.1.1927. Dutch Indonesian Scholar. Born in Indonesia, son of Abraham Marinus F. (1823–1863) and Antonia Neeltje van Rijck. Ph.D. 1894 Leiden. Professor in Batavia (Jakarta), then taught Malay at Amsterdam University. Married 1885 Margaretha Wilhelmina Heemskerck (1869–1954), one daughter, and…

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CRAWFURD, John

CRAWFURD, John. Islay, Hebrides 13.8.1783 — South Kensington, London 11.5.1868. British (Scottish) Physician, Colonial Officer and South-East Asian Scholar. Son of the physician Samuel Cr. and Margaret Campbell, educated at Bowmore. Then studies of medicine at Edinburgh, M.D. From 1803 served as an army medical officer chiefly in Upper India…

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COOMARASWAMY, Ananda Kentish

COOMARASWAMY, Ananda Kentish (Kumārasvāmi). Colombo 22.8.1877 — Needham, MA 9.9.1947. Sri Lankan/British Art Historian and Indologist in the U.S.A. Son of Sir Mutu Coomaraswamy (1834–1879, Sri Lankan Tamil and a noted lawyer and statesman) and Elizabeth Clay Beeby (she came from Kent, therefore “Kentish”), lost early his father and grew…

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CABATON, Antoine

CABATON, Antoine. Nérondes (Cher) 11.12.1863 — Vannes, Brittany 25.11.1942. French Physician and a Scholar of South-East Asia and Indonesia. Grew up in Paris and Orléans. Studies of pharmacy, then, after military service (1884-86), of medicine (Dr.med.), also of Sanskrit at É.P.H.É. (Lévi) and Egyptology at École du Louvre. Worked in…

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