STEIN, Mark Aurel

STEIN, Mark Aurel. Budapest 26.11.1862 — Kabul 26.10.1943. Sir. Hungarian Explorer, Indologist, and Archaeologist living in India (since 1888). British citizen (1904). Born to aged parents (mother 45, father more), the father M. Nathan Stein was a merchant, uncle Ignaz Hirschler, archaeologist, physician and politician. School in Budapest and Dresden, studied…

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SONNERAT, Pierre

SONNERAT, Pierre. Lyon 18.8.1748 — Paris 31.3.1814. French Naval Officer, Naturalist and Traveller in the East. Travels: 1768-71 Madagascar and neighbouring islands, 1772-74 Moluccas and Philippines, 1774-81 India and China. Correspondent of the French Academy. Details of his life, especially of early years, are defective. In his first travel collaborated…

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SKRINE, Francis Henry Bennett

SKRINE, Francis Henry Bennett. 1847 — 1933. British Civil Servant in India. “Son of Captain Clarmont Skrine retired officer in Wimbledon], educated at Blackheath School; entered the I.C.S. 1868. Collector of Customs, Calcutta, 1895; Commissioner of Chittagong Division, 1896; retired 1897.” In Central Asia with E. D. Ross. Married, at least…

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SHAW, Robert Barkley

SHAW, Robert Barkley. London 12.7.1839 — Mandalay, Burma 15.6.1879. British Traveller in Central Asia, then Civil Servant in Burma. Son of Robert Grant Shaw, “educated at Marlborough and Trinity College, Cambridge, became a tea-planter in Kangra. Travelled in 1868 as a merchant to Eastern Turkestan, reaching Yarkand and Kashgar, Jan.…

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SCHLAGINTWEIT-SAKÜNLÜSKI, Hermann von

SCHLAGINTWEIT-SAKÜNLÜSKI, Hermann von. Munich 13.5.1826 — Munich 19.1. 1882. German Traveller in India and Central Asia. Brother of —> Adolf, Emil and Robert S. Studied medicine and science. Ph.D. 1848. In 1849 moved to Berlin, in 1851 in England. PD 1851 Berlin, in physical geography. In 1851 ascended Mount Rosa…

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WOOD, Mark

WOOD, Mark. Perth, Scotland 1747 — London 6.2.1829. Sir (Bart.). British (Scots) Military Engineer and Traveller in India. Son of Alexander Wood. In 1772 joined Bengal Engineers, his two brothers were also in E.I.C.’s military service. Surveyor-General 1787, Chief Engineer in Bengal 1790, retired as Colonel and returned to England…

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WOOD, John

WOOD, John. Perth, Scotland 1811/12 — 13.11.1871. British (Scots) Naval Officer in India and Traveller in Central Asia. In 1826 joined the E.I.C.’s navy. “Commanded the first [steam] vessel, the Indus, in the navigation of the Indus river, 1835-6; Assistant to Burnes in his commercial mission to Afghanistan, 1836; reported…

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WILSON, John

WILSON, John. Lauder, Berwickshire 11.12.1804 — near Bombay 1.12.1875. Rev. British (Scots) Missionary in India, Indologist and Iranian Scholar. Son of Andrew W., a farmer and township councillor, and Janet W. From the age of 14 studied arts, then theology at Edinburgh, during holidays worked as a tutor. He became…

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WILKINS, Charles

WILKINS, Charles. Frome, Somerset bapt. 21.6.1749 (not 1750!) — London 13.5.1833. Sir. British Pioneer of Indology. In India 1770-86. Son of Hugh W. and Mary Wray. Joining the E.I.C.’s service he came to India as a Writer in July 1770 and served in 1770-72 as Assistant in Secretarial Office, in…

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TURNER, Samuel

TURNER, Samuel. Gloucestershire 19.4.1759 (hardly 1749) — London 2.1.1802. British Civil Servant in India, a Traveller and Diplomat. “Connected with Warren Hastings; entered the military service of the E.I.Co., 1780, and was Captain in 1799. Was sent by Warren Hastings on an embassy to Tibet, from Jan. 1783 to March…

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